Bibliography  - articles, letters, presentations
1952-2005 ... see below

For reverse order, click here ...(2011-1952)

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Titles of     Essays & Papers

Other Publications:
 Essays of an Information Scientist    (Volumes 1-15 : Contents pages and Full Text)
 Citation Indexing -- Its Theory and Application in Science,Technology, and Humanities
 Transliterated Dictionary of the Russian Language.   Contents and Introduction
 Citation Comments published in Current Contents 1994,1995
 Commentaries in The Scientist,1986-present
 Inaugural Address and President's Columns in ASIS&T
 Little Science, Big Science . . . and Beyond. Author:Derek J. deSolla Price.
  Forewordby Robert K. Merton and Eugene Garfield
 "The Use of Citation Data in Writing the History of Science." Garfield, E., I. H. Sher, and R. J. Torpie. 
   Published by ISI - December  1964     Final Overlay.


Garfield, E. "Bang Those Robot Heads Together" Chemical and Engineering News, 30(50), 1952. 

Garfield, E. "Machine Methods in Indexing," February 1952. 
Unpublished, No: 3. 

Garfield, E. "The Mechanization of Indexing," September 1952. 
Paper . Unpublished. No:4 

Garfield, E. "The Crisis in Chemical Literature," September 1952. 
Address to ACS, Baltimore, MD. Short presentation made soon after joining Welch Indexing Project at JHU and while doing volunteer abstracting for Chemical Abstracts. 
No: 2. 


Garfield, E. " Machine Techniques in Scientific Documentation: Outline of Study," January 1953. 
No: 11. 

Garfield, E. " Machine Indexing, Machine Indexes, and the Preparation of Printed Indexes by Machines." Welch Symposium, March 1953. Abstract only. 
No: 10. 

Garfield, E. "Basic List of Works in Documentation," 1953. 
No: 6. 

Garfield, E. "Librarian Versus Documentalist," 1953. Submitted to Special Libraries. 
Paper - Unpublished. No:9 

Garfield, E. "Electronics in the Half-Tone Process," November 1953. 
Presented at a seminar course on "History of Printing" Columbia University, School of Library Science, New York. 
No: 8. 

Garfield, E. "Reading for Maximum Profit." The New York Times, p.22, December 1953.


Garfield, E. "Preliminary Report on the Mechanical Analysis of Information by Use of the 101 Statistical Punched Card Machine." American Documentation, 5(1) p.7-12, 1954. 
Reprinted in EIS. V.6, p.454, 1983.  pdf available

Bernhard, S. A., E. Garfield, and L. P. Hammett. "Specific Effects in Acid Catalysis by Ion Exchange Resins. III. Some Observations on the Effect of Polyvalent Cations." Journal of the American Chemical Society, 76(4), p.991-92, 1954. 

Garfield, E. "The Preparation of Subject-Heading Lists by Automatic Punched-Card Techniques." The Journal of Documentation , 10(1) p.1-10, March 1954. 
Reprinted in EIS. V.6, p444, 1983. pdf available

Himwich W. A., Field H.G., Garfield E., Whittock J.M., Larkey S.V. "Survey of World Medical Serials and Coverage by Indexing and Abstracting Services." Welch Medical Library Indexing Project (Sponsored by the Armed Forces Medical Library), The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. (1954). p.1-82 + 48 pages of appendices. 

Garfield, E. "Association-of-Ideas Techniques in Documentation: Shepardizing the Literature of Science." (1954). 
Submitted as course work to: Research Information Center, National Bureau of Standards. 

Garfield, E. "Documentation -- the Organisation of Scientific Information for Retrieval." , 1954. 
ACS continuation course, Philadelphia, PA. 
Unpublished. No:49. 

Garfield, E. "Forms for Literature Citations." Science, 120(3129), p.1038-41, December 1954. 
No: 19. 


Garfield, E. "The Preparation of Printed Indexes by Automatic Punched-Card Techniques." American Documentation, 6(2), p.68-76, 1955 
Reprinted in Essays of an Information Scientist, Vol:6, p.459, 1983. pdf file available

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes for Science: A New Dimension in Documentation through Association of Ideas."   Science, 122(3159), p.108-11, July 1955. (html version
Reprinted in Readings in Information Retrieval, p.261-274, (H.S. Sharp. Ed.), The Scarecrow Press, Inc. 1964 (book in EG's office). 
No: 25. 

Himwich, W. A., Garfield, E., Field, H. G., Whittock, J. M., and Larkey, S. V. "Final report on machine methods for information searching ," Welch Medical Library Indexing Project, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. (Sponsored by the Armed Forces Medical Library), p.1-38, 1955. 
Paper, No:26. 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes -- New Dimension in Documentation." p. 1-4, November 1955. Presented at American Documentation Institute meeting in Philadelphia, PA on 11/2/55 (Bible Citation Index or "Citation Indexes to the Old Testament). 

Garfield, E. and Hayne, R. "Needed - A National Science Intelligence and Documentation Center ," p.1-7, 1955. 
Presented at the "Symposium on storage and retrieval of scientific information". Annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), December 28, 1955, Atlanta, GA. (Definition of Documentation) 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:24. 

Garfield, E. "The Literature Department as the Intelligence Center of the R&D ," p.1-7, 1955. 
Presented at the ACS Symposium on "The communication of technical information in an industrial organization" in Minneapolis. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:23. 


Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes - New Paths to Scientific Knowledge." The Chemical Bulletin, 43(4), p.11-12, April 1956. 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes for Science." Science, 123(3184), p. 61-62, 1956. 
Comments in response to a letter by UH Schoenbach in the same issue of Science
No:32. pdf  file available

Garfield, E. "Proposal for Research in Mechanical Indexing," p. 1-4, April 1956 

Garfield, E. "The Dissemination of Current Research Information Through a Cooperative Contents Page -- Abstracting Service." 
Abstract of Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting, American Documentation Institute, New York City (December 1956). 
Presentation - Unpublished. No:29. 


Avakian, E. A. and E. Garfield. "AMFIS -- The Automatic Microfilm Information System." Special Libraries, 48 , p.145-48, April 1957 
Reprinted in EIS.V.6, p.485, 1983 
pdf file
No: 36. 

Garfield, E. " Proceedings of the International Study Conference on Classification for Information Retrieval (New York: Pergamon Press)." p. 91, 98, 106, 108. May 1957. 
Comments included in the discussion at Conference in Dorking, England. 
No: 35. 

Garfield, E. "Memories of the 1957 Dorking Conference" Held at Beatrice Webb House, Dorking, England. May 13-17, 1957.

Garfield, E. "Breaking the Subject Index Barrier -- a Citation Index for Chemical Patents." Journal of the Patent Office Society, 39(8), p.583-95, August 1957. 
No: 34. 

Rockwell, H. E., R. L. Hayne, and E. Garfield. "A Unique System for Rapid Access to Large Volumes of Pharmacological Data; Application to Published Literature on Chlorpromazine." Federation Proceedings, U.S.A. 16(3), p. 726-31, September 1957. 


Garfield, E. "Copyright, Contents Pages, Cooperation, Conscience.... Necessary Ingredients for the Effective Dissemination of Scientific Knowledge." The Percolator, 35(1), p.19-23, August 1959. 
Presented at the Annual Symposium, Library of the Chemists Club, New York City, April 28, 1959. 

"Subsidies for Subscribers?" Chemical & Engineering News 37(19):85, 1959.(Short article quoting  E. Garfield) 

Garfield, E. "A Unified Index to Science," Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientific Information. 1958. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, 1, p.461-74, 1959. 
Conference Proceedings 
Reprinted in:CC, December 27, 1976, p.5-20; EIS. V.2, p.672-688 
pdf file No: 39. 


Garfield, E. "The Steroid Literature Coding Project." Chemical Literature" 12(3), p.7, 1960. 


Garfield, E. "An Algorithm for Translating Chemical Names to Molecular Formulas." Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, PA. p.1-68, 1961. 
Presented to the faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences of the University of Pennsylvania in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 1961. 
See Review by John S. Showell in J. Am. Oil Chemists' Soc. Vol:39, #3, p.32-34, March 1962. (#47B) 
Also see:

Garfield, E. "Introduction to Index Chemicus: Author Index and Molecular Formula Index." p.1 and 33, 1961. 

Garfield, E. "Information Theory and Other Quantitative Factors in Code Design for Document Card Systems." Journal of Chemical Documentation,1, p. 70-75, 1961. 
pdf file
No: 50. 

Garfield, E. "Chemico-Linguistics: Computer Translation of Chemical Nomenclature." Nature, 192(4798) p.192, October 1961. 
pdf file

Garfield, E. "Esthetic and Psychological Factors in the Design of Published Indexes." (1961). 
Presented at the ADI meeting, Boston, MA., Fall 1961. 
No: 55. 


Markus, J. "State of the Art of Published Indexes."American Documentation, 13(1), p.15-30, January 1962. ( Comments by Garfield E. included in this paper) 

Garfield, E. "An Algorithm for Translating Chemical Names to Molecular Formulas." The Journal of Chemical Documentation 2 , p.177-79, 1962. 
Presented before American Chemical Society, Division of Chemical Literature, March 22, 1962, Washington, D.C. Based on doctoral thesis (#47A). 
Also see Doctoral Thesis reprinted in  EIS.V.7, p.441, 1984 pdf file
No: 47. 

Garfield, E."Language, Linguistics, Science Information and the Pursuit of Knowledge." (1962). Lecture given at Swarthmore College, PA. 
Unpublished. No: 58. 

Garfield, E. "Copying and Reproducing Device. Patent #3,052,755." p.1-4, September 1962. 
Patent No:59. 

Garfield, E. "Copying and Reproducing Device. Patent #3,064,078." p.1-4. November 1962 


Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes - Closing the information gap between the pure and applied sciences
Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, Philadelphia, Pa. June 17-21, 1963 
Unpublished. No: 66 

Garfield, E. and I. Sher. "New Factors in the Evaluation of Scientific Literature Through Citation Indexing." American Documentation 14(3), p.195-201, July 1963. 
Reprinted in: EIS V6, p.492-498 pdf file

Garfield, E. and Sher, I.H. "Genetics Citation Index" - Introductory Pages -  (Eds,  Eugene Garfield and Irving H. Sher) Institute for Scientific Information, July 1963, 864 pages. 
This document also has a Preface by Dr. Joshua Lederberg and an Introduction by Eugene Garfield 
Reprinted in:EIS. V.7, p.515-522  pdf file available 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes in Sociological and Historical Research." American Documentation, 14(4) p.289-91, October 1963. 
Reprinted in:CC, Aug.26, 1969; EIS V.1, p.43 pdf file
No: 62. 

Garfield, E. "Needed -- Relativistic Theory of Information Science." Automation and Scientific Communication: Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the American Documentation Institute, 6-11 October 1963, Chicago, IL.  Part 3 p.419-20. 
Reprinted in: EIS. V7, p.523-24 pdf file available

Garfield, E. "Generic Searching by Use of Rotated Formula Indexes." Journal of Chemical Documentation, 3(2), p.97-103, 1963. 

Garfield, E. "Using the Literature." New Scientist, 20(367) p.558, November 1963. 

Garfield, E. "Citations in Popular and Interpretive Science Writing." Science, 141(3579) p.392, 1963. 
Letter. No:79. 

Garfield, E.. "Statement Before the Ad Hoc Subcommittee of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Roman Pucinski, Chair,  Eighty-Eighth Congress, First Session, on HR 1946 Part 2." National Information Center.  Hearings on a National Research Data Processing and Information Retrieval Center, July 18-19, 1963, Washington, D.C. : US GPO, p. 227-52, 1963. 
No:81. (Penn Ref.10.78 Un38 v.1 or N/1198/03805/0204X) 

Garfield, E. "Science Citation Index." Science Citation Index 1961, 1, p.v-xvi, 1963. 

Sher, I. H. and Garfield, E. "The Genetics Citation Index experiment ," Automation and Scientific Communication (secondary distribution of information) at 26th Annual Meeting of American Documentation Institute, Chicago, IL, p.63-64, 1963. 
Material distributed at 26th Annual Meeting of American Documentation Institute, Chicago, IL. Also in Genetics Citation Index
Reprinted in:EIS. V.7, p.515-522pdf file available
Article, No:1164. 


Garfield, E. and Sher, I.H. "Genetics Citation Index" (from the reviewers) Science Fortnightly 1(14), p.4, 1964. 

Garfield, E. "Science Citation Index -- A New Dimension in Indexing." Science, 144(3619) p.649-54, May 1964. 
No: 96. 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexing: A Natural Science Literature Retrieval System for the Social Sciences." The American Behavioral Scientist, 7(10), p.58-61, June 1964. 
Reprinted in: EIS V.6, p.499 pdf file

Garfield, E. "Comments on Abstracting Services." The Cornucopia. American Chemical Society, Div. of Agriculture & Food Chemistry, 19, p.6-8, August 1964. 
No: 86. 

284. Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes for Evaluation of Research Productivity." August 1964. 
Submitted to Harvard Business Review. 
Unpublished. No: 94. 

Garfield, E. "Statistical Analyses of International Chemical Research by Individual Chemists, Languages and Countries." p. 1-21, September 1964. 
Presented at the Meeting of American Chemical Society, Divisionof Chemical Literature, Chicago, IL. 
Unpublished. No:97. 

Garfield, E. and I. H. Sher. "Article-by-Article Coverage of Selected Abstracting Services." Published by the Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, PA. p.1-128, October 1964. 
Report -- based on work done by ISI under NSF contract C-332. 

Garfield, E. "Committee of scientists and engineers for Johnson and Humphrey" Chemical And Engineering News, 42(43) p.4-5, 1964. 
No: 84. 

Garfield, E. and I. H. Sher. "Index Searching." Chemical And Engineering News, 42(45) p.4, 1964. 
Letter - No:85. 

Garfield, E. "Abstracting and Problems of Copyright." Reprography and Copyright Law. Baltimore: American Institute of Biological Sciences. Lowell H. Hattery and George P. Bush, Eds. Chapter 13, p.112-18, 1964 

Sher, I. H., J. O'Connor, and E. Garfield. "Rotadex -- A New Index for Generic Searching of Chemical Compounds." Journal of Chemical Documentation, 4(1) p.49-53, 1964. 
No: 92. 

Garfield, E., I. H. Sher, and R. J. Torpie. "The Use of Citation Data in Writing the History of Science." Published by The Institute for Scientific Information, December 1964. 
Report of research for Air Force Office of Scientific Research under contract F49(638)-1256. 

Garfield, E. and I. H. Sher. "Survey of Chemical Notation Systems : Interview With I. Moyer Hunsberger." National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington DC Publication 1150, p.250-260, 1964. 

Garfield, E. "Is Science Information or Is Information Science?"  Paper presented  at Drexel Institute of Technology, Lecture Series in Information Science, Philadelphia, Pa,, September 29, 1964. 
Unpublished No:91 


Garfield, E. "Evaluating Published Contributions ." Special Libraries, 56(2), p.134-35, February 1965. 
Letter. No:113. 

Garfield, E. "More on Abstracting Services." The Cornucopia 21(10) March 1965. 
- No:101. 

Garfield, E. "More on Abstracting Services." The Cornucopia, 21(10), March 1965. 
Letters from Herbert Schwartz and E. Garfield were exchanged on this subject. 

"New Tools for Improving and Evaluating The Effectiveness of Research"  M.C. Yovits, D.M. Gilford, R.H. Wilcox, E. Staveley and H.D. Lemer, Eds., Research Program Effectiveness, Proceedings of the Conference Sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, Washington, D.C., July 27-29, 1965 (New York: Gordon and Breach, 1966) p.135-146. 

Garfield, E. and L. J. Stevens. "Uber Den Science Citation Index (SCI) Und Verwandte Entwicklungen Der Jungsten Zeit." Nachrichten Fur Dokumentation, 16(3), p.130-140, 1965. 

Garfield, E. "Science Citation Index - Answers to Frequently Asked Questions." Revue Internationale De La Documentation, 32(3), p.112-16,1965. 

Garfield, E. "Reply to Randall Review of the Science Citation Index." Sci-Tech News, 18(4), p. 133-42, 1965. 

Garfield, E. "What Is Relevant in a Patent Search?" p.1-11, September 1965. 
Presented at the American Chemical Society, joint meeting of divisions of Chemical Literature and Chemical Marketing and Economics; Atlantic City, N.J. 
Unpublished. No:115. 

Garfield, E. and Torpie R.J. "Dissemination and Retrieval of Information in Microbiology and Chemotherapy by Citation Indexing." p.1-14, October 1965. 
Presented at the Fifth Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy and the IVth International Congress of Chemotherapy (Joint Meeting), Washington, D.C. 
Presentation - Unpublished. No:103. 

Garfield, E. and I. H. Sher. "Dissemination and Retrieval of Information of Interest to Optical Scientists." Optical Society of America, Annual Meeting, 1965, Philadelphia (1965): 21. 
Paper presented at the Optical Society of America, Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA. October 1965. One of many papers / presentations on the applicability of ASCA now Research Alert. Abstract of presentation. 
Unpublished. No:102. 

Garfield, E. "Selective Dissemination and Retrieval of Information in Biomedical Engineering." p.1-14, November 1965. 
Presented at the 18th Annual Conference on Engineering in Medicine and Biology, Philadelphia, PA. 
Presentation - Unpublished. No:112. 

Garfield, E. et al. "Can Citation Indexing Be Automated?" National Bureau of Standards Miscellaneous Publication , 269, p.189-92, December 1965. 

Sher, I. H. and E. Garfield. "Applicability of ASCA to the Literature Requirements of the Chemist," 1965. 
Presented at the ACS meeting. 
Unpublished. No:100. 

Elias, A. W. and others. "Mechanization of Chemical Information Publications and Services." (1965). 
ACS meeting Detroit. 
Unpublished. No:105. 


Sher, I. H., E. Garfield, and A. W. Elias. "Control and Elimination of Errors in ISI Services." Journal of Chemical Documentation 6, no. 3 p.132, 1966. 
Presented before the division of Chemical Literature, symposium on Error Control in the Chemical Literature, ACS, Pittsburgh, PS, March 23, 1966. 
Paper - No:117. 

Garfield, E. "ISI Services in the Design of Small-User Systems." Journal of Chemical Documentation 6 p.164-68, 1966 
Paper - No:118. 

Garfield, E. "Patent Citation Indexing and the Notions of Novelty, Similarity, and Relevance." Journal of Chemical Documentation 6, no. 2 p. 63-65, May 1966. 
Reprinted in: EIS v.7, p.536 pdf file available
Paper - No:120. 

Garfield, E. "Special Librarian -- Master of, or Slave to the Machine?"p.1-6, May 1966. 
Presented at the 57th Special Libraries Association Annual Convention, Minneapolis, MN, May 31, 1966. 
Presentation (Unpublished) No:122. 

Garfield, E. "Can the Surgeon Keep Up With New Scientific Information?" June, 1966 
Presented at the Third Annual Alumni Conference of the school of medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. June 17, 1966. 
Presentation - Unpublished. No:123. 

Garfield, E. "Typographical Errors." Chemistry and Industry , 25, p.1040, June 1966. 

Garfield, E. "Use of Foreign Language Journals." Sci-Tech News 20:4, p. 124-25. 1966. 

Sher, I. H. and E. Garfield. "New Tools for Improving and Evaluating the Effiectiveness of Research." Research Program Effectiveness, (M.C. Yovits, D.M. Gilford, R.H. Wilcox, E. Staveley, H.D. Lemer, Eds.) New York: Gordon and Breach, p.135-46, 1966. 
Proceedings of the conference sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, Washington, D.C. July 27-29. 
Proceedings - No:108 

Garfield, E. "More on the 'Dark Side'." Scientific Research, 1(8), p. 4-6, August 1966. 

Garfield, E. "Objective Estimate of Creativity." Chemical and Engineering News, 44(46), p.6, November 1966. 
Reprinted in:CC. Aug.26, 1970; EIS V.1, p.120   pdf file

Garfield, E., I. H. Sher, and J. Byk. "Information Systems for the Scientific Literature." Submitted for Presentation at ACM, 1966. 


Garfield, E., Sher. I.H., Foeman, G. H., Revesz, G. S., Romanec, M. J., and Warner, A. "CA efficiency challenged ," Chemical and Engineering News, 45 (10) p.6-7, 1967. 
Letter, No:135. 

Garfield, E. "Applications of Data Processing Machines (Computers) to the Problems of Scientific and Technical Information at the Institute for Scientific Information." (April 1967). 
Conference in Leipzig, Germany. 
Presentation, Unpublished. No:136. 

Garfield, E. and Sher, I. H. "ISI's experiences with ASCA -- a selective dissemination system ," Journal of Chemical Documentation, 7 (3) p.147-153, 1967. 
Reprinted in:EIS v.6, p.533 pdf file available
Article, No:140. 

Garfield, E. and Sher, I. H. "Diagonal Display - a new technique for graphic representation of complex topological networks (Report prepared for U.S. Air Force, Directorate of Information Services, Rosslyn, VA.22209) ," 1967. 
Report - No:143 

Garfield, E. and Sher. I. "ASCA (Automatic Subject Citation Alert) -- a new personalized current awareness service for scientists ," American Behavioral Scientist, 10 (5) p.29-32, 1967. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, p.514 pdf file available
Article, No:131. 

Garfield, E. "Comments on an index to medical book reviews ," Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 55 (3) p.338, 1967. 
Letter, No:132. 

Garfield, E. "Information retrieval ," Science, 156 (3780) p.1398-1401, 1967. 
Reprinted in:EIS v.7, p.543pdf file available
Article, No:138. 
Report. EIS title, "Education and Training for Information Retrieval" suggestion 

Garfield, E. "Primordial concepts, citation indexing and historio-bibliography ," Journal of Library History, 2 (3) p.235-249, 1967. 
Reprinted in:EIS v.6, p.518 pdf file available
Article, No:139. 


Garfield, E. "The information implosion ," Chemistry, 41 (7) p.24-31, 1968. 
Article, No:156. 

Garfield, E. "Chemical Abstracts Service Annual Report to NSF," Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 24 (6) p.43-44, 1968. 
Article, No:150. 

Garfield, E. "Comments on editorial, "Where did I see that paper?" ," Annals of Internal Medicine, 68 (3) p.713, 1968. 
Letter, No:152 . 

Garfield, E. "DOD 'myths' ," Chemical and Engineering News, 46 (40) p.7-8, 1968. 
Letter, No:158. 

Garfield, E. "The language barrier in medical communication ," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 99 (11) p.561-562, 1968. 
Letter, No:159. 

Garfield, E. ""World Brain" or "Memex?" Mechanical and intellectual requirements for universal bibliographic control ," The Foundations of Access To Knowledge, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY, p.169-196, 1968. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, p.540pdf file available
Article, No:369. 

Garfield, E. "Numeric vs. alphabetic order for cited references ," New Scientist, 39 (614) p.565-566, 1968. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents/LS, #50, December 10, 1968; EIS v.1, p.27pdf file available
Letter, No:151. 

Garfield E. and Malin, M. V. "Can Nobel Prize winners be predicted? " p.1-17, 1968. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:166. 
Paper presented at 135th Annual Meeting, AAAS, Dallas, TX. December 26-31, 1968 


Garfield, E., Revesz, G. S., Dorr, H. A., Calderon, M. M., and Warner, A. "Sub-structure searching using the Index Chemicus registry system ," 1969. 
Paper presented - 4th Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting, ACS, Washington D.C. February 1969. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:168. 

Garfield, E. "The role of the medical librarian in SDI systems ," Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 57 (4) p.348-351, 1969. 
Article, No:154. 

Garfield, E. "Publish or Perish ," New Scientist, 42 (649) p.378, 1969. 
Letter, No:176. 

Garfield, E. "Literature and the creative process - help or hindrance? " Journal of Chemical Documentation, 9 (3) p.183-190, 1969. 
Article, No:183. 

Garfield, E. "British quest for uniqueness versus American egocentrism ," Nature, 223 (5207) p.763, 1969. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, Feb.11, 1970; EIS v.1. p.77-78 
Letter, No:184. 

Garfield, E. "Science publication ," Chemistry in Britain, 5 (1) p.37, 1969. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, Sep.16, 1970; EIS v.1, p.126pdf file available
Letter, No:198. 

Garfield, E. "Providing access to information in machine readable forms, Part II ," Copyright and Related Protections for Information Age Products: Proceedings and related documents of the meeting of the Information Industry Association, Washington, DC., p.79-84, 1969. 
Presented at IIA meeting on Copyright and Related Protections for Information Age Products, Airlie House, VA., July 18-19, 1969 
Paper , No:1220. 


Garfield, E and Sophar, G "Is copyright infringement by non-profit organizations always permissible? " ASLIB Proceedings, 22 (11) p.570, 1970. 
Letter, No:202. 

Garfield, E, Revesz, G, and Rubin, N "Fixed valence and molecular formula verification ," Chemistry, 43 p.13-15, 1970. 
Article, No:201. 

Garfield, E., Revesz, G., Granito, C. E., Dorr, H. A., Calderon, M. M., and Warner, A. "Index Chemicus Registry System -- pragmatic approach to substructure chemical retrieval ," Journal of Chemical Documentation, 10 (1) p.54-58, 1970. 
Article, No:189. 

Garfield, E. and Cawkell, A. E. "Location of milestone papers through citation networks ," Journal of Library History, 5 (2) p.184-188, 1970. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, Nov.25, 1970; EIS v.1, p.139pdf file available
Article (as a letter to the editor), No:190. 

Garfield, E. "One-letter notation for calculating molecular formulas and searching long-chain peptides in the Index Chemicus Registry System ," Journal of Chemical Documentation, 10 (3) p.212-215, 1970. 
Article, No:191. 

Garfield, E. "Methods and objectives in judging the information content of document titles ," Journal of Chemical Documentation, 10 (4) p.260, 1970. 
Article, No:192. 

Garfield, E. "Social science periodical literature ," Journal of Documentation, 26 (1) p.69, 1970. 
Letter, No:193. 

Garfield, E. ""The Long Cold Sleep" (Book review of "The Immortalist" by Alan Harrington) ," New Scientist, 45 (706) p.590, 1970. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, January 20, 1970; EIS V.1, p.71-72 pdf file available
Article; Book Review, No:195. 

Garfield, E "Nonprofit competitors ," Library Journal, 95 (16) p.2854, 1970. 
Letter, No:196. 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexing for studying science ," Nature, 227 (5259) p.669-671, 1970. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, November 18, 1970; EIS V.1, p.132-138pdf file available
First list of 50 most cited authors which includes a dozen past or future Nobelists. 
Article, No:197. 

Garfield, E "The role of man and machine in an international selective dissemination of information systems ," p.1-26, 1970. 
Presented at the International Congress of Documentation: Users of Documentation, Beunos Aires: National Council for Scientific and Technical Research, Sept. 21-24, 1970. 
Presentation, Unpublished, No:199. 

Garfield, E "Citation Indexing, historio-bibliography, and the sociology of science ," Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Medical Librarianship, Amsterdam, K. Ellison Davis and W.D. Sweeney, Eds., Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, p.187-204, 1970. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, April 14, 1971; EIS V.1, p.158-174 pdf file available
Conference Proceedings, No:200. 

Garfield, E. "Food information services ," Food Manufacture, 45 (11) p.92-93, 1970. 
Letter, No:204. 

Garfield, E. "Cost effectiveness measures of information services for R&D managers ," Journal of Documentation, 26 (4) p.372-373, 1970. 
Letter, No:205 


Garfield, E "Information science and the information-conscious society ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS), 22 (2) p.71-73, 1971. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, Sept. 9, 1971; EIS V.1, p.236pdf file available
Title in CC: "Science, Information Science and the Information-Conscious Society" 
Article, No:203. 

Garfield, E. and Malin, M. V. "The international network of ISI-linked National Information Centers ," p.1-7, 1971. 
Presented at the International Conference on Information Science (ISLIC), Tel Aviv, Israel, Aug.29-Sep.3, 1971 
Presentation, Unpublished, No:209. 

Garfield, E., Granito, C. E., and Petrarca, A. E. "Information retrieval services and methods ," Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Supplement volume (2nd edition), John Wiley& Sons, Inc., NY, p.510-535, 1971. 
Article, No:210. 

Garfield, E. "Publication counting vs. citation counting in evaluating research ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS), 24 (2) p.166, 1971. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, #22, June 2, 1971; EIS, V.1. p.179-181 
Letter, No:206. 

Garfield, E. "The relationship between large multi-disciplinary systems and specialised information services ," p.1-19, 1971. 
Presented at the (Third) Cranfield Conference on Mechanised Information Storage and Retrieval Systems, Cranfield, July 20-23, 1971 
Presentation, Unpublished, No:207. 

Garfield, E. "Information by the Pound ," New Scientist and Science Journal, 51 (763) p.341-342, 1971. 
Letter, No:208. 

Garfield, E. "The road to scientific oblivion ," Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 218 (6) p.886-887, 1971. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, December 22, 1971; EIS V.1, p.249-50pdf file available
Letter, No:212. 


Garfield, E. and Hayne, R. L. "Neue wege zur dokumentation in der synthetischen chemie ," Chemiker Zeitung, 96 (6) p.334-341, 1972. 
Article, No:217. 

Garfield, E. "Publish or Perish ," Archives of Surgery, 104 (3) p.355, 1972. 
Letter, No:216. 

Garfield, E. "Most frequently cited phytopathology journals ," Phytopathology News, 6 (3) p.4, 1972. 
Article, No:215. 

Garfield, E. "Communication, Engineering, and Engineers: A PSYCHOM '72 paper ," IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, PC-15 (2) p.49-51, 1972. 
Article, No:219. 

Garfield, E. "Citation analysis as a tool in journal evaluation ," Science, 178 (4060) p.471-479, 1972. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, Feb.7,1973; EIS V.1, P.527 pdf file available
Article, No:221. 

Garfield, E. "Indexing terminology and permuted indexes ," Journal of Documentation, 28 (4) p.334-345, 1972. 
Letter, No:223. 

Garfield, E. "Where the action is, was, and will be -- for first and secondary authors ," 1972. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, March 15, 1972; EIS V.1, p.280-83pdf file available
Presented at the Meeting of the Board of Directors, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo Alto, CA. November 5, 1971 
Presented at the University of Tennessee Medical Units, Memphis, TN. March 13, 1973 
Presentation, Unpublished, No:211. 

Garfield, E. "Research Productivity Index ," Archives of Pathology, 94 (3) p.276-277, 1972. 
Letter, No:370. 

Garfield, E. "Letter to the Editor ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 24 (2) p.166, 1972. 
Re: Interrelationships of scientific journals 
Letter, No:388. 


Garfield, E., Revesz, G. S., and Batzig, J. H. "The Synthetic Chemical Literature from 1960 to 1969 ," Nature, 242 (5396) p.307-309, 1973. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, May 9, 1973; EIS V.1, P.443pdf file available
Article, No:220. 

Garfield, E. and Granito, C. E. "Substructure search and correlation in the management of chemical information ," 
Naturwissenschaften, 60 p.189-197, 1973. 
Article, No:302. 

Garfield, E. "Is science information Information Science -- implications for the information revolution ," p.1-9, 1973. 
Presented at 5th Annual National Meeting of the Information Industry Association (IIA), Philadelphia, PA. 1973 
Presentation (Unpublished ), No:224. 

Garfield, E. "Introductory remarks to present the various abstracts ," p.1-7, 1973. 
Paper presented at the Rockland County Regional ACS Meeting. April 11, 1973. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:225. 

Garfield, E. "Citation and distinction ," Nature, 242 (5398) p.485, 1973. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. Oct. 3,1973; EIS V.1, P.487pdf file available
Letter, No:226. 

Garfield, E. "What scientific journals can tell us about scientific journals ," IEEE Transactions of Professional Communications
PC-16 (4) p.200-203, 1973. 
Article, No:227. 

Garfield, E. "Is there a future for the scientific journal ," p.1-10, 1973. 
Presented at the University of Tennessee Medical Units, Memphis, TN. March 13, 1973 
Presentation. Unpublished, No:236. 

Garfield, E. "Historiographs, Librarianship and the History of Science ," Toward a theory of librarianship: Papers in honor of Jesse Hauk Shera. Rawski, C.H., ed., Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, N.J., p.380-402, 1973. 
Reprinted in:Reprinted in Current Contents, #38, Sep.18, 1974, EIS, V.2, 134pdf file available
Article, No:1156. 

Garfield, E. "Israel Journal of Agricultural Research ," Israel Journal of Agricultural Research, 23 (2) p.91, 1973. 
Letter, No:391. 


Garfield, E. "Putting our money where our needs are ," Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science, 1 (1) p.10 and 32, 1974. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #39, Sep.25,1974; EIS V.2, P.151pdf file available
Article, No:235. 

Garfield, E. "Hearings before the subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Third Congress, second session ," Federal Information Systems and Plans -- Implications and Issues, Part 3, U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C.:GPO, p.883-901, 1974. 
Testimony, No:239. 

Garfield, E. "The Social Sciences Citation Index ," The American Sociologist, 9 (3) p.164-165, 1974. 
Letter, No:228. 

Garfield, E. "Where is the information explosion taking us? " p.1-13, 1974. 
Presentation at University of Houston, School of Library Science, Houston, TX. March 4, 1974. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:230. 

Garfield, E. "The responsibility and role of chemical information scientists in solving today's crises ," p.1-5, 1974. 
Paper presented at American Institute of Chemists meeting, May 15, 1974. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:233. 

Garfield, E. "Weekly subject index to Current Contents ," Methods of Information in Medicine, 13 (2) p.106-109, 1974. 
Article, No:232. 

Garfield, E. "Information retrieval: Where the action was, is, and will be ," p.1-13, 1974. 
Presented at the Canadian Library Association meeting, Winnipeg, Canada. June 22, 1974 
Article - Presentation. Unpublished, No:234. 

Garfield, E. "Journal Citation Studies. 22. Russian journal references and citations in the Science Citation Index data-bank ," 
p.1-32, 1974.  Presented at a US/USSR symposium on "Forecasting information requirements and services," Yale University, New Haven, CT. October 20-23, 1974 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:244. 

Garfield, E. "The role of the information industry in the nation's economy: Preferential treatment for non-profits inhibits sound economic growth in an information-conscious society ," p.1-3, 1974. 
Presented at a conference with the White House Office of Public Liaison, Washington, DC. December 11, 1974 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:245. 

Garfield, E. "The journal explosion ," The Medical Journal of Australia, 2 p.94, 1974. 
Letter, No:306. 

Garfield, E. "The "Other" Immortal: A memorable day with Henry E. Bliss ," Wilson Library Bulletin, 49 (4) p.288-292, 1974. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #15, Apr.14, 1975; EIS V.2, P.250pdf file available
Article, No:371. 


Garfield, E. and Weinstock, M. "No-growth libraries and citation analysis, or Pulling weeds with Journal Citation Reports ," 1975. 
Presented at Associated Colleges of the Midwest conference on Space, Growth, and Performance Problems of College and University Libraries. Chicago, April 17-18, 1975 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #26, Jun 30, 1975; EIS V.2, P.300 pdf file available Article. Presentation., No:246. 

Garfield, E., Malin, M. V., and Small, H. "A system for automatic classification of scientific literature ," 
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, 57 (2) p.61-74, 1975. 
Presented at the Third International Study Conference on Classification Research. Bombay, India. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #42, Oct.20, 1975; EIS V.2., P.356-365 pdf file available
Article, No:229. 

Garfield, E. "The World Brain as seen by an information entrepreneur," Information for Action: from knowledge to wisdom, (ed. M. Kochen) Academic Press, Inc. NY. (Book), Chapter 11 p.155-160, 1975. 
Presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science symposium on "Reorganizing information resources to improve decision-making," San Francisco, February 27, 1974 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #48, Nov.29, 1976; EIS, V.2, P.638 pdf file available
Book Chapter, No:238. 

Garfield, E. "Is there a future for the scientific journal? " Sci-Tech News, 29 (2) p.42-44, 1975. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #31, Aug.4, 1975; EIS V.2, P.318 pdf file available
Article, No:240. 

Garfield, E. "Retrospective on the sciological and historical uses of citation data at ISI ," p.1-8, 1975. 
Presented at "Use of citation data in the study of science"Belmont House, Baltimore, MD. April 1, 1975 
Presentation. Unpublished, No:242. 

Garfield, E. "What is the literature cited by agricultural scientists? A case study in literature dispersion ," p.1-14, 1975. 
Presented at the World Congress of Agricultural Librarians and Documentalists, Mexico City. April 14-18, 1975 
Presentation. Unpublished, No:243. 

Garfield, E. "Mini-computer or on-line access? " MEDOK, 2 p.7-11, 1975. 
Presented at the meeting of "Te-Klubben" (an informal association of medical librarians in the Oslo region, Biomedical Library of the University of Oslo. May 26, 1975 
Article, No:247. 

Garfield, E. "Citation analysis studies ," Science, 189 (4200) p.397, 1975. 
Letter, No:248. 

Garfield, E. "What is automatic indexing? " Journal of Documentation, 31 (3) p.216, 1975. 
Letter, No:250. 

Garfield, E. "Citation analysis, mechanical translation of chemical nomenclature, and the macrostructure of science ," 
Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Science, 15 (3) p.153-155, 1975. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #5, Feb. 2, 1976; EIS V.2, P.415pdf file available
Article, No:251. 

Garfield, E. "Dr. Garfield's remarks on accepting the ASIS Award of Merit ," p.1-6, 1975. 
Remarks. Unpublished, No:252. 

Garfield, E. "The entrepreneur as a doctoral candidate ," p.1-12, 1975. 
Presented at the national meeting of American Chemical Society, Philadelphia, PA. April 6-11, 1975 
Presentation. Unpublished, No:292. 

Cawkell, A. E. and Garfield, E. "The Cost-effectiveness and Cost-benefits of commercial information services (Ash, J.E., Hyde, E. eds.) Chemical Information Systems, Halsted Press: a division of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. NY. " p.73-85, 1975. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #34, Aug.25, 1975; EIS V.2, P.328pdf file available
Book Chapter, No:249. 

Garfield, E. "Preface and Introduction to  Journal Citation Reports - Volume 9 of the Science Citation Index, 1975." 
pdf file.


Garfield, E. "The Permuterm Subject Index: an autobiographical review ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 27 (5/6) p.288-291, 1976. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.7, P.546pdffile available
Article, No:258. 

Garfield, E. "There's more than one way ," Chemtech, 6 (3) p.167-173, 1976. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #29, July 19, 1976; EIS V.2, P.525pdf file available
"If you really want to know who's doing what to whom, try Citation Searching of the literature" 
Article, No:254. 

Garfield, E. "The Science Citation Index and ISI's Journal Citation Reports: Their implications for journal editors ," p.1-22, 1976. 
Presentation at the Third General Assembly of the European Association of Editors of Biological Periodicals, Paris. May 10-12, 1976. 
Presentation (Unpublished), No:255. 

Garfield, E. "Is French science too provincial? " La Recherche, 7 (70) p.757-760, 1976. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #13, Apr.11, 1977; EIS V.3, P.89pdf file available
Article, No:257. 

Garfield, E. "The journals pathologists write and the journals pathologists cite; to which is appended a list of highly cited articles from pathology journals ," Pathology Annual (Sommers, S.C., series editor), Appleton-Century Crofts, Div. Prentice-Hall, NY: 11 p.335-351, 1976. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #49 and #50, Dec. 6 & 13, 1976; EIS V.2, P.646pdf file available
Article, No:259. 

Garfield, E. "Significant journals of science ," Nature, 264 (5587) p.609-617, 1976. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #24, Jun 13, 1977; EIS V.3, P.130; V.6, P.573pdf file available and Vol:6, p.573
Article, No:260. 

Cawkell, A. E. and Garfield, E. "Science-Technology Industry-University connections as discussed in Nature, 254(100);1975 - Letter to the Editor ," Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, 16 (1) p.122, 1976. 
Letter, No:395. 


Garfield, E. "Can Italian biomedical journals survive? " Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, 21 (3) p.121-122, 1977. 
Article, No:273. 

Garfield, E. and Sim, M. "Index Chemicus Registry System - past, present and future ," Pure & Applied Chemistry, 49 p.1803-1805, 1977. 
Article, No:270. 

Garfield, E. and Lederberg, E. M. "Is the current system of scientific communication adequate to the age of plasmid engineering? " Plasmids -- Medical and Theoretical Aspects: Third International Symposium on Antibiotic Resistance (Mitsuhashi, S., Rosival, L., Krcmery, V., eds) Avicenum, Czech. Medical Press, Prague. Springer Verlag, p.389-393, 1977.  pdf file available
Paper, No:379. 

Garfield, E., Koenig, M., and DiRenzo, T. "ISI data-base-produced information services ," IEEE Transactions of Professional Communication, PC-20 (2) p.95-99, 1977. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #45, Nov.7, 1977; EIS V.3, P.288pdf file available
Article, No:268. 

Garfield, E. "Caution is urged in the use of citation analyses ," Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 2 (4) p.N84, 1977. 
Letter, No:264. 

Garfield, E. "One imperfect application does not destroy the value of citation analysis ," Canadian Psychological Review (Psychologie Canadienne), 18 (4) p.372, 1977. 
Letter, No:266. 

Garfield, E. "Hotel horror stories ," Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 19 (4) p.262-264, 1977. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #31, Aug.1, 1977; EIS V.3, P.198pdf file available
Article, No:267. 


Garfield, E., Malin, M., and Small, H. "Citation Data as Science Indicators (Chapter 8) ," Toward a metric of science: The advent of science indicators (Elkana Y., Lederberg J., Merton R.K., Thackray A., Zuckerman H., eds.) New York: Wiley, p.179-207, 1978. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.580pdf file available
Book Chapter(#8) No:272. 

Garfield, E. "How services from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) aid journal editors and publishers ," Scientific Information Transfer: the editor's role (Miriam Balaban, eds.) Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company, p.587-595, 1978. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #30, Jul 25, 1977; EIS V.3, P.189pdf file available Book Chapter, No:265. 

Beck MT, Doborov GM, Garfield E, deSolla Price D, "Editorial Comments on the inaugural issue of Scientometrics, 1(1): 3-8, September 1978. 

Garfield, E. "What this country needs is a free phone call ," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 34 (2) p.56-59, 1978. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #38, Sep.19, 1977; EIS V.3 , P.226pdf file available
Article, No:271. 

Garfield, E. "Where is chemical information science going? " Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, 18 (1) p.1-4, 1978. pdf file available
Article, No:274. 

Garfield, E. "A festschrift for Bjorn Tell: How will new technology change the characteristics of libraries and their users? " Knowledge and Development Reshaping Library and Information Services for the World of Tomorrow (Schwarz, S., Willers, U., eds.) Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology Library, p.147-156, 1978. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #3, Jan.15, 1979; EIS V.4, P.19pdf file available
Book Chapter, No:275. 

Garfield, E. "The Science Citation Index as quality information filter ," Proceedings of the conference on Coping with Biomedical Literature Explosion: A Qualitative Approach. May 22-23, 1978, NY, New York: The Rockefeller Foundation Working Papers, p.68-77, 1978. 
Proceedings, No:298. 


Garfield, E. "Is citation analysis a legitimate evaluation tool? " Scientometrics, 1 (4) p.359-375, 1979. 
Article, No:277. pdf file available

Garfield, E. "Trends in biochemical literature ," Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 4 (12) p.N290-N295, 1979. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #11, Mar.17, 1980; EIS V.4, P.419pdf file available
Article, No:278. 

Garfield, E. "Current Contents: its impact on scientific communication ," Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 4 p.318-323, 1979. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.616 pdf file available
Article, No:281. 

Garfield, E. "2001: An information society? " Journal of Information Science, 1 p.209-215, 1979. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.609 pdf file available
Article, No:282. 

Garfield, E. "Making contacts at conferences ," IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, PC-22 (3) p.131-133, 1979. 
Reprinted in:T/S V.2(7): P.7, Apr 4, 1988. 
Reprinted in EIS, V.14, P.294, 1991. pdf file available
Article, No:283. 

Garfield, E. "The scientific literature of Nordic countries ," Signum, 12 (8) p.167-180, 1979. 
Article, No:286. 

Garfield, E. "Highly cited old papers ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 30 (4) p.234-235, 1979. 
Letter, No:303. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping the structure of science (Chapter 8) ," Citation Indexing: Its Theory and Application in Science, Technology, and Humanities, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. NY, p.98-147, 1979. 
Book Chapter, No:1174. 
Chapter 8, in CI Book 

Garfield, E. "Radio: The neglected medium for scientific communication ," IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, PC-22 (1) p.14-15, 1979. 
Reprinted from CC, #25, June 19, 1978, EIS.V.3, p.517 pdf file available
Article, No:390. 


Garfield, E. "The literature of marine biology ," Biologiya Morya, 3 p.3-20, 1980. 
Article, No:289. 

Garfield, E. "Is information retrieval in the arts and humanities inherently different from that in science? The effect that ISI's Citation Index for the arts and humanities is expected to have on future scholarship ," Library Quarterly, 50 (1) p.40-57, 1980. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.623pdf file available
Article, No:279. 

Garfield, E. "The hazards of sunbathing ," Chemtech, 10 (6) p.337-339, 1980. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #8, Feb.19, 1979; EIS V.4, P.45 pdf file available
Article, No:284. 

Garfield, E. "Online and print information services are not always equivalent for all users ," DATABASE, 3 (3) p.4-6, 1980. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.641 pdf file available
Article, No:285. 

Garfield, E. "Citation measures of the influence of Robert K. Merton ," Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, Series II, 39 (2712) p.61-74, 1980. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #39, Sep.26, 1983 and #40, Oct.3, 1979; EIS V.6, P.314 and 321 
pdf file available, p.314 and page 321
Article, No:287. 

Garfield, E. "1985: New technology for libraries ," Library Journal, 105 (13) p.1473-1478, 1980. 
Article, No:288. 

Garfield, E. "ISI computer-based information services for the social sciences and the arts and humanities ," Databases in the Humanities and the Social Sciences (Raben, J., Marks, G., eds.) Amsterdam: North-Holland, p.315-319, 1980. 
Book Chapter, No:291. 

Garfield, E. "Is citation analysis a legitimate evaluation tool -- reply ," Scientometrics, 2 (1) p.92-94, 1980. 
Letter, No:383. 

Cawkell, A. E. and Garfield, E. "Assessing Einstein's impact on today's science by citation analysis ," Einstein: The First Hundred Years:(Goldsmith, M., Mackay, A., Woudhuysen, J. eds) Pergamon Press, NY, p.31-40, 1980. 
Book Chapter, No:375. 


Garfield, E. "The Institute for Scientific Information ," Coping with the Biomedical Literature (Warren, K.S., eds.) New York: Praeger Publishers, Chapter 11 p.183-198, 1981. 
Book Chapter, No:293. 

Garfield, E. "How personal computers will affect the future of libraries and information centers ," Applied Systems and Cybernetics: Systems approaches in computer science and mathematics (Lasker, G.E., eds.) New York: Pergamon, 5 p.2365-2369, 1981. 
Proceedings of the International Congress on Applied Systems Research and Cybernetics, Mexico 
Proceedings, No:294. 

Garfield, E. "Some new standards for chemistry journals ," p.1-26, 1981. 
Article (Unpublished), No:295. 

Garfield, E. "Testimony before Senate committee on Labor and Human Resources ," p.1-8, 1981. 
Unpublished., No:413. 


Garfield, E. "The ethics of scientific publication: authorship attribution and citation amnesia ," p.1-17, 1982. 
Presentation. (Unpublished),Council of Biology Editors, Louisville, KY. May 4, 1982 


Garfield, E. "Science in the Third World. Whether or not a Third World article is highly-cited depends on the recognition it gets from authors in the developed countries ," Science Age, 1 (3 & 4) p.59-65, 1983. 
Article, No:317. 

Garfield, E. "Document delivery systems ," National Forum, LXIII (3) p.8-10, 1983. 
Article, No:307. 

Garfield, E. "Online retrieval in the transition from bibliographic to encyclopedic information ," Increasing Productivity Through Library Automation (Helal, A.H., Weiss, J.W., eds.) Essen: Gesamthochschulbibliothek, 5 p.27-60, 1983. 
Book Chapter, No:304. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping science in the Third World ," Science and Public Policy, 10 (3) p.112-127, 1983. 
Edited version of the 1982 Annual Magnus Pyke Science Policy Foundation Lecture. Reprinted in Essays of an Information Scientist, Vol:6 as a two-part essay.   Part 1 and Part 2
Article, No:308. 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes in Information Retrieval" Journal of the American Society for Information Science, p.298-299, 1983. 
In response to Susan Bonzi's article "Citation, relation, evaluation, clarification ,"  JASIS 33(4): 208-216, 1982. 
Letter, No:309. . 

Garfield, E. "Las universidades como productoras y consumidoras de informacion (Universities as producers and consumers of information) ," Inforum,2 (83) p.1-15, 1983. 
Paper presented in September 1976 at Centro de Informacion Cientifica y Humanistica, MX. 
Article, No:311. 

Garfield, E. "The foreign language barrier: Problems in scientific communication ," Nature, 303 (5917) p.554, 1983. 
Reprinted in:EIS V.6, P.644 pdf file available
Book Review, No:312. 

Garfield, E. "Carl Djerassi - chemist and entrepreneur ," Chemtech, 13 (9) p.534-538, 1983. 
Article, No:314. 

Garfield, E. "Science and Citation Analysis ," Scientific World, XXVII (1) p.21-24, 1983. 
Article, No:315. 

Garfield, E. "Sci-Mate: A user-friendly information storage and retrieval system for microcomputers ," The Application of Mini and Micro-computers in Information Documentation and Libraries (Keren, C., Perimutter, L., eds.) Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., p.79-84, 1983. 
Book Chapter, No:316. 

Garfield, E. "Current Contents: Landmark idea ," So you want to be a profitable database publisher, Washington, D.C.: Information Industry Association, p.30-36, 1983. 
Article, No:320. 

Garfield, E "Information services for the pharmaceutical industry: the transition from bibliographism to encyclopedism ," Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference of the Association of Information Officers in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Information Industry Association, Oxford, U.K., p.136-142, 1983. 
Article, No:322. 

Garfield, E. "The future of information retrieval in the earth sciences: from bibliographism to encyclopedism ," Geoscience Information Society: Proceedings for 1983, 14 p.37-61, 1983. 
Article, Proceedings, No:325. 

Garfield, E. "If I'm alive, what am I doing here? " p.1-16, 1983. 
ACS Patterson-Crane Award presentation, Columbus, OH. 1983. 
Unpublished, No:420. 


Garfield, E. "Artificial Intelligence: Using computers to think about thinking. Part 2. Some practical applications of AI," Computer Compacts, 2 (2) p.47-53, 1984. 
Article, No:330. 

Garfield, E. "Artificial Intelligence: Using computers to think about thinking. Part 1. Representing Knowledge," Computer Compacts, 2 (1) p.4-8, 1984. 
Article, No:328. 

Garfield, E. "Publication dates ," Annals of Internal Medicine, 100 (3) p.457, 1984. 
Letter, No:323. 

Garfield, E. "Searching the literature ," British Medical Journal, 288 (6420) p.865, 1984. 
Letter, No:324. 

Garfield, E. "Competition ," New Scientist, 102 (1411) p.49, 1984. 
Letter, No:326. 

Garfield, E. "Review of Sci-Mate ," Annals of Internal Medicine, 100 (6) p.914, 1984. 
Letter, No:327. 

Garfield, E. "Photocopying ," Nature, 311 (5985) p.406, 1984. 
Letter, No:331. 

Garfield, E. "The information society: implications for national planning ," The Infrastructure of an Information Society (El-Hadidy, B., Horne, E. E., eds) Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., p.13-18, 1984. 
Book Chapter, No:332. 

Garfield, E. "Is public confidence in science declining? (Reprinted) ," Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 44 (2) p.80-82, 1984. 
Excerpted and reprinted from Current Contents 45, p.5-13, Nov. 8, 1982, EIS. V.5, P.749-757 page 642
Article, No:333. 

vGarfield, E. "Continuing relevance of superimposed coding ," Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 8 (4) p.181, 1984. 
Letter, No:334. 

Garfield, E. "Iatrogenic information overload ," Journal of Information Science, 8 (1) p.39, 1984. 
Letter, No:335. 

Garfield, E. "A romp around the United Kingdom research centers ," British Medical Journal, 289 (6438) p.187-188, 1984. 
Letter, No:337. 

Garfield, E. "Anthropology Journals: What they cite and what cites them (Reprinted) ," Current Anthropology, 25 (4) p.514-528, 1984. 
First appeared as "Journal Citation Studies. 40. Anthropology Journals -- what they cite and what cites them" in CC, #37, Sep.12, 1983. EIS V.6, p.293-300.pdf file available

Garfield, E. "The myth of the vicious circle of citation ," Journal of Information Science, 8 (2) p.89-90, 1984. 
Letter, No:384. 

Garfield, E. "Scientific editing ," American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA), 184 (6) p.649, 1984. 
Letter, No:414. 

Garfield, E. "ABCs of Cluster Mapping ," New Trends in International Librarianship, Mohanrajan, P.A., ed., Allied Publishers Private Limited,New Delhi, India, p.39-62, 1984. Festschrift for S.R. Ranganathan to mark the Platinum Jubilee of Madras University Library. 
Reprinted from Current Contents #40 & 41, p.5-12, October 6 and 13, 1980. EIS, V.4, (2 parts)p.634 and 642pdf file available, p.634and page 642
Chapter. No:417. 


Garfield, E. "Society's unmet information needs ," Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science, 12 (1) p.6-7, 1985. 
Article, No:340. 

Small, H. and Garfield, E. "The geography of science: disciplinary and national mappings ," Journal of Information Science, 11 (4) p.147-159, 1985. 
Reprinted in Current Contents #43, October 27, 1986:EIS, V.9, p.324, 1986. pdf file available pdf file available 
Article, No:386. 

Garfield, E. "The life and career of George Sarton -- the father of the history of science ," Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 21 (2) p.107-117, 1985. 
Reprinted in:2 part essay on Sarton also published in Current Contents #25-26, Jun.24 and Jul.1, 1985; EIS, V.8, p.241-253, 1985. pdf file available
Article, No:353. 

Garfield, E. "History of Citation Indexes for chemistry: A brief review ," Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, 25 (3) p.170-174, 1985. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #6, Feb.10, 1986; EIS. V.9, P.42 pdf file available
Article - Review, No:354. 

Garfield, E. "In tribute to Derek John De Solla Price -- A citation analysis of "Little Science, Big Science" ," Scientometrics, 7 (3-6) p.487-503, 1985. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #24, Jun.17, 1985; EIS. V.8, P.232 pdf file available
Article, No:361. 

Garfield, E. "The impact of health information delivery on the quality of patient care: wither medical information science? " Health Libraries Review, 2 p.159-169, 1985. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #25 & #26, June 23 & 30, 1986; EIS V.9, p.198 & p.203 pdf file available
Article, No:374. 

Garfield, E. "Online and printed information services ," Nachrichten Fur Dokumentation, 36 (6) p.275-276, 1985. 
Letter, No:385. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping the multi-disciplinary world of NFAIS ," NFAIS Newsletter, 27 (2) p.44-52, 1985. Miles Conrad Lecture, NFAIS 27th Annual Conference, Arlington, VA. March 3-6, 1985 
Lecture, No:389. 

Fisher, J. and Garfield, E. " Information science and the plastic surgeon ," Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 75 (6) p.914-920, 1985. 
Article, No:339. 


Garfield, E. "Will full-text electronic publishing bypass the need forthe secondary services? " CBE Views, 9 (1) p.12, 1986. 
Letter (Dialogue feature of CBE), No:342. 

Garfield, E., Small, H., and Vladutz, G. "At the information exchange: Book review of "Scientific communications and informatics" by Mikhailov A.I., Chernyi, A.I., Giliarevskii R.S. Translated by Burger, R.H. " Nature, 319 (6051) p.272, 1986. 
Article - Book Review, No:341. 

Garfield, E. "The relationship between international science indicators, Nobel class science, and science mapping in the formation of science policy ," p.1-22, 1986. 
Statement before the House of Representatives committee on Science& Technology, Science Policy Task Force. Washington, DC. April, 1986. 
Statement (Unpublished), No:343. 

Garfield, E. "Medical research ," Trial, 22 (7) p.10, 1986. 
Letter, No:344. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping cholera research and the impact of Shambu Nath De of Calcutta ," Science Age , p.53-56, 1986.  Reprinted in:Current Contents #14, Apr.7, 1986. EIS V.9, p.103 pdf file available
Article, No:345. 

Garfield, E. "JOURNAL IMPACT vs INFLUENCE: A need for five-year impact factors - Letter to the Editor ," Information Processing & Management, 22 (5) p.445, 1986. 
Letter, No:346. 

Garfield, E. "Which medical journals have the greatest impact ," Annals of Internal Medicine, 105 (2) p.313-320, 1986. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, #2, Jan.12,1987; EIS V.10, P.7. pdf file available
Article, No:347. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping the world of biomedical engineering: ALZA lecture (1985) ," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 14 (2) p.97-108, 1986. pdf file available
Article, No:348. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping science for policy use ," Symposium on "Impact of advances in information technologies on science: policy issues". AAAS Annual Meeting, p.1-18, 1986. Philadelphia, PA. 
Presentation. Unpublished, 

Garfield, E. "An investment in the future ," Chemtech, 16 (8) p.458-461, 1986. 
Article, No:351. 

Garfield, E. "Everyday problems in an information society ," Handbook of Information Technology and Office Systems, Cawkell, A.E., ed., North-Holland Press, Oxford, U.K., Chapter 48 p.883-887, 1986. Book chapter, No:416. 


ORAL HISTORY -  Transcript of an Interview Cunducted by  Arnold Thackray  and Jeffrey L. Sturchio at the Institute for Scientific Information  Philadelphia, PA  on 16 November 1987, p.1-39.

Garfield, E. "100 Citation Classics from the Journal of the American Medical Association ," Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 257 (1) p.52-59, 1987. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, #31, Aug.3, 1987; EIS V.10, P.206 pdf file available
Article, No:350. 

Garfield, E. "First information engineer ," Business Software Review, p.4, 1987. 


Garfield, E., Kimberley, R., and Pendlebury, D. A. "Mapping the social sciences: the contribution of technology to information retrieval ," Information Technology: the public issues, Plant R., Gregory F., and Brier A. R., eds. Manchester University Press, London, U.K., Chapter 8 p.129-141, 1988. 
Book Chapter, No:394. 

Garfield, E. "Derek Price and the practical world of scientometrics ," Science Technology & Human Values, 13 (3/4) p.349-350, 1988. 
Article, No:357. 

Garfield, E. "The impact of citation counts ," The Times Higher Education Supplement,(819) p.12, 1988. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #17, Sep.12,1988; EIS V.11, p.296 pdf file available
Article, No:373. 

Garfield, E. "Chemical information and new technology -- past, present, and future ," Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, 195 (June) p.9, 1988. 
Abstract, No:387. 
Letter, No:415. 


Small, H. and Garfield, E. "Verification of results that logically related noninteractive literatures are potential sources of new knowledge ," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 40 (3) p.152, 1989. 
Book Review, No:382. 

Garfield, E. and Small, H. "Identifying the changing frontiers of science," Innovation: At The Crossroads Between Science & Technology [Conference Proceedings], The S. Neaman Press, Israel (Kranzberg, M., Elkana, Y., Tadmor, Z., eds.), p.51-65, 1989. 
Article, No:362. 

Garfield, E. "Man-made and natural carcinogens -- putting the risks in perspective ," Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 31 (6) p.589-590, 1989. 
Article, No:355. 

Garfield, E. "Prospective uses of citation data for identifying new research specialties in chemistry ," 41st Southeast Regional ACS Meeting ,(Program & Abstracts) p.22, 1989. 
Abstract, No:368. 

Garfield, E. "Chemical information as a commercial marketplace ," Proceedings of the Montreux 1989 International Chemical Information Conference, Montreux, Switzerland, Infonortics Ltd. Calne, Collier, H.R. ed., p.1-11, 1989. 
Presentation at the 1989 International Chemical Information Conference, Montreux, Switzerland, No:397. 


Garfield, E. "How ISI selects journals for coverage ," Symposium on criteria for journal selection by the world's major information organizations, 1990. 
Presentation. Published by Science and Technology Information Center and Science and Technology Library Network, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC."How ISI selects journals for coverage: Quantitative and qualitative considerations" based on above paper. 
Reprinted in: Current Contents #22, May 28, 1990; EIS V.13, p.185 pdf file available
Paper. No:412 

Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A "The consequences of a fraudulent scientist on his innocent coinvestigators," Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 264 (24) p.3145-3146, 1990. 
Reply to letter by T. Wysocki and R.Wayne Fuqua, about E.Garfield & A. Welljams-Dorof article "The impact of fraudulent research on the scientific literature: the Stephen E. Breuning case," JAMA, 263, p.1424-1426, 1990. 
Letter. No:358. 

Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A. "The impact of fraudulent research on the scientific literature: The Stephen E. Breuning case ," Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 263 (10) p.1424-1426, 1990. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #12, Mar.19, 1990; EIS. V.13, P.90 pdf file available
Article, No:359. 

Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A. "Language use in international research: A citation analysis ," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 511 (September) p.10-24, 1990. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents. #31, July 30, 1990; EIS. V.13, P.282 pdf file available
Article, No:360. 

Garfield, E. "LDCs get price break on SCI CD-ROM ," Canadian Library Journal, 47 (3) p.151-152, 1990. 
Letter, No:352. 

Garfield, E. "Mapping cholera research and the impact of Shambu Nath De of Calcutta ," Current Science, 59 (13/14) p.643-649, 1990. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #14, Apr.7, 1986; EIS. V.9, P.103 pdf file available
Article, No:356. 

Garfield, E. "Science Citation Index, Journal Citation Reports, and other ISI trademarks- Letter to the editor ," Information Processing & Management, 26 (4) p.573, 1990. 
Re : Failure to indicate ISI's trademarks in article by Ronald Rousseau, IPM, 25(6), 1989 
Letter, No:363. 

Garfield, E. "A tribute to Eli and Lee Robins -- citation superstars ," Missouri Psychiatry, 18 (3) p.36-37, 1990. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #46, Nov.13, 1989; EIS V.12, P.321 pdf file available
(abbreviated paper in Missouri Psychiatry
Article, No: 

 Garfield, E. "Science in Romania," Chemical & Engineering News, 68 (17) p.75, 1990. 
Letter, No:365. 

Garfield, E. "Response to the panel on evaluation of scientific information and the impact of new information technology ," Journal of the American Society of Information Science, 41 (3) p.229-230, 1990. 
Article, No:376. 

Garfield, E.Allzeit Voran ~ Festschrift for Thomas Karger on the occasion of his 60th birthday, p.136, 1990. 
Festschrift, No:380. 

Garfield, E. "Standards for citations are 'sorely needed' ," The Chronicle of Higher Education, p.B4, 1990. 
Letter, No:422. 


Garfield, E. and Small, H. "Michael J. Moravcsik: Multidimensional scholar and hero of Third World science ," Scientometrics, 20 (1) p.19-23, 1991. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, #2, Jan.8, 1990; EIS V.13, p.9 (listed as Moravczik in Current Contents and EIS) pdf file available
Article, No:366. 

Garfield, E. " A citation analysis of Austrian medical research and Wiener klinische Wochenschrift ," Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 103 (11) p.318-325, 1991. 
Article, No:367. 

Garfield, E. " Seeking permission to use ISI's proprietary databases - Letter to the Editor," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42 (6) p.464, 1991. 
Re: Use of ISI's registered trademarks 
Letter, No:377. 

Garfield, E. "Decisions en Biomedicina: Se mantendran las bibliotecas hospitalarias al dia en la era de la informacion? 
(Spanish translation of "Biomedical decision-making: Will hospital libraries keep pace with the information age?") ," Cuadernos de Salud, 3 p.79-96, 1991. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #25, #26, June 23 and 30, 1986. EIS, V.9, p. 197 (pdf file available) & p. 202 (pdf file available)
Presentation - Published. Paper presented at the Medical Health and Welfare Libraries Group Conference, U.K., July 5, 1985 


Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A. " Citation data: their use as quantitative indicators for science and technology evaluation and policy-making," Science and Public Policy, 19 (5) p.321-327, 1992. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #49, Dec.7, 1992; EIS, V.15, P.190. pdf file available
Article, No:419 

Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A. "The microbiology literature: Languages of publication and their relative citation impact ," FEMS Microbiology Letters,(100) p.33-38, 1992. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #47, p.6-10, 1992; EIS V.15, p.180, 1992. pdf file available
Article, No:1171. 

Garfield, E. and Welljams-Dorof, A. "Of Nobel Class: A citation perspective on high impact research authors ," Theoretical Medicine,(13) p.117-135, 1992. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents #33 & 35, p.3-13, and p.4-12, August 17 &31, 1992; EIS V.15, p.116.pdf file available
EIS V.15 p.128. pdf file available
Article, No:401. 

Garfield, E. "The effectiveness of American Society of Agronomy journals: A citationist's perspective ," Research Ethics, Manuscript Review, and Journal Quality. ACS Miscellaneous Publication. Proceedings of a symposium on the Peer-Review / Editing Process. Mayland, H.F. and Sojka, R.E. eds., p.1-13, 1992. 
Paper presented at a symposium on the Peer-Review / Editing Process, No:1173. 
Article, No: 396 

Garfield, E. " The relationship between mechanical indexing, structural linguistics and information retrieval," Journal of Information Science, 18 (5) p.343-354, 1992. 
Article, No:399. 


Garfield, E. and Sher, I. H. " KeyWords Plus -- Algorithmic Derivative Indexing," Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 44 (5) p.298-299, 1993. 
Article (Brief Communication), No:402. 

Garfield, E. "La epidemiologia del conocimiento y la diseminacion de la informacion cientifica ," Informacion y Documentacion Biomedica, 1 (2) p.28-31, 1993. 
Reprinted in:Current Contents, #35, p.5-10, September 1, 1980; EIS V.4, p.586-591, 1979-80. 
pdf file available
Spanish translation of "The epidemiology of knowledge and the spread of scientific information," 
Article, No:1200. 

Garfield, E. " What citations tell us about Canadian research," The Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, 18 (4) p.14-35, 1993. 
Article, No:421. 

Garfield, E. "Mechanical indexing, structural linguistics and information retrieval," Journal of Information Science, 19 (12) p.164-165, 1993. 
Naomi Sager's letter appears on p.165. Based on Garfield/Sher article,"The relationship between mechanical indexing, structural linguistics, and information retrieval," JIS, V.18, No:5, 1992. 
Letter, No:406. 

Garfield, E. "Science in the ROC and the Pacific Rim, 1981-1992: A citationist perspective ," p.1-48, 1993. 
Presentation (Unpublished), at the Third Conference of Scientific Editors, Taipei. Translated into Chinese. March 17, 1993. 


Garfield, E. "Science in Spain, 1981-1992: A Citationist Perspective
(La ciencia en Espana desde la perspectiva de las citaciones:1981-1992)," Arbor, CXLVII (577-578) p.111-133, 1994. 
Paper presented at Sevilla, Spain. October 20, 1993 
Article, No:448. 

Garfield, E. "New tools for navigating the Materials Science literature," Journal of Materials Education, 16 (5 & 6) p.327-362, 1994. 
Article, No:403. 

Garfield, E. "Reflections on the past, present, and future of print and electronic information services ," 1994. 
Presentation (Unpublished), in Oslo, Norway. July 2, 1994 at the closing ceremonies of "Health Information -- New Possibilities," 4th European Conference of Medical and Health Libraries, Oslo, Norway. June 28-July 2, 1994. Article, No:1228 


Garfield, E. "The Impact of Cumulative Impact Factors, - Abstract
Only Abstract published in Science, Culture, Communication for the 21st Century.
"The Impact of Cumulative Impact Factors" Proceedings of the 8th IFSE Conference, Barcelona, 1995.  Full Paper
Presented at the Eighth International Conference of the International Federation of Science Editors, Barcelona, Spain. July 9-13, 1995. 
Talk partially based on : "Impressions of Spanish Research Output as seen in the ISI Science Indicators Report." July 1995.Unpublished. 

Garfield, E. "Quantitative analysis of the scientific literature and its implications for science policymaking in Latin America and the Caribbean ," Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization, 29 (1) p.87-95, 1995. 
Based on presentation at the International Seminar on Challenges of the Information Era: Agents and Users, Sao Paulo, October 18-20, 1994. Sponsored by Pan American Health Organization and PAHO's Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information. 
Article, No:404. pdf file.

Garfield, E. "Multilingual communication essential for science," Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 20 (3) p.179-180, 1995. 
Originally published as, "Multilingual Capability Is Essential In The Global Science Community," The Scientist,p.13, September 19, 1994. 
Article, No:437. 

Garfield, E. " The internationalization of the information industry ," Information Services & Use, 15 (1) p.49-52, 1995. 
Article, No:408. 

Garfield, E. "Impressions of Spanish Research output as seen in the ISI Science Indicators Reports ," p.1-27, 1995. 
Presentation (Unpublished),at the Eighth International Conference of the International Federation of Science Editors, Barcelona, Spain. July 1995. Talk partially incorporated into "Impact of Cumulative Impact Factors" 
Both papers are unpublished. 


Garfield, E. " Citation Indexes for retrieval and research evaluation," p.1-30, 1996. 
Presentation (Unpublished), at the G7 Consensus Conference on Theory and Practice of Research Assessment in Capri, Italy. 
October 7, 19.  pdf  file (use this to print) 

Garfield, E. "When to Cite ," Library Quarterly, 66 (4) p.449-458, 1996. pdf file.
Article, No:405. Abstract

Garfield, E. " How can impact factors be improved? " British Medical Journal, 313 (7054) p.411-413, 1996. (article in BMJ
Article, No:409. 

Garfield, E. "Response to Ernesto Spinak's " Los analisis cuantitativos de la literatura cientifica y su validez para juzgar la produccion latino americana" ," Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, 120 (2) p.146-147, 1996. 
EG's response to article by E. Spinak (also see EG's article on same subject - #1184) 
Article, No:410. 

 Garfield, E. "Random thoughts of a pseudo-visionary about the present and future of the Internet," p.1-45, 1996. 
Presentation (Unpublished), at National Chemical Information Symposium, Charleston, SC. July 17, 1996 


An Interview with Dr. Eugene Garfield, Inform, (published by Institute of Information Scientists), #200, p.5-6, December 1997. 

Garfield, E. and Melino, G. The growth of the cell death field: An analysis from the ISI- Science Citation Index ," Cell Death and Differentiation,(4) p.352-361, 1997. 
Paper, No:435. 

Garfield, E. and Small H. "Citation Format ," [Numbered vs Alphabetic Reference Style Preferred] Journal of the American Society of Information Science (JASIS), 48 (10) p.963, October ,1997. 
See also in JASIS, 48(10) Oct. 1997 letters by Charles T. Meadow, Ronald E. Rice, Christine L. Borgman
Letter, No:430. 

 Oral History -Interview by Robert V. Williams of Chemical Heritage Foundation on July 29, 1997, p.1-104. 
(Full -text) 

Garfield, E. "Citation Indexes for Research Evaluation and Information Retrieval, Including an Analysis of Pharmacology Research ," p.1-35, 1997.   Presentation (Unpublished) at XXVIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Pharmacology, Bari, Italy. April 30, 1997. 

Garfield, E. "Validation of Citation Analysis ," Journal of the American Society of Information Science (JASIS), 48 (10) p.962, 1997. 
In response to MacRoberts' paper, "Citation Content Analysis of a Botany Journal" JASIS, 48(3):274-275, 1997. MacRoberts' rejoinder (JASIS), 48 (10) p.963, 1997. 
Letter, No:427. 

Garfield, E. "Agony and ecstasy of the Internet: Experiences of an information scientist qua publisher ," Publications of Essen University Library, 21 p.202-222, 1997. 
Presentation, at the 19th International Essen Symposium, "Towards a Worldwide Library: A Ten Year Forecast". September 23-26, 1996 No:426. pdf file.

Garfield, E. "Editors are justified in asking authors to cite equivalent references from same journal ," British Medical Journal, 314 (7096) p.1765, 1997. [pdf file] 
In response to Smith R. "Journal accused of manipulating impact factor," British Medical Journal  314: 461, February 1997.
(journal self-citation) 
Letter, No:428. 

Garfield, E. " Citation Analysis of Sports Medicine Research, 1981-1996 ," p.1-37, 1997. 
Presentation (Unpublished) at the American College of Sports Medicine 44th Annual Meeting in Denver, CO.,May 31, 1997 

Garfield, E. " Concept of Citation Indexing: A unique and innovative tool for navigating the research literature," p.1-66, 1997. Presentation (Unpublished) at Far Eastern State University, Vladivostok, Russia. September 4, 1997 

Garfield, E. " Speech presented on receiving an Honorary Degree from Far Eastern University and Honorary Membership in the Russian Academy of Sciences - September 6, 1997," Vestnik, (2) p.70-74, 1998. 
Russian version as pdf file.
Article, No:432. 

Garfield, E. "SDI and 'Push Pull' Technology," April 14, 1997. 
Letter, (Unpublished) 

Garfield, E. "All sorts of authorship ," Nature, 389 p.777, 1997. 
Letter, No:436. 

Garfield, E. " A statistically valid definition of bias is needed to determine whether the Science Citation Index discriminates against Third World journals ," Current Science, 73 (8) p.639-641, 1997. 
Article, No:442. 


Garfield, E. "The diverse roles of citation indexes in scientific research
Rev. Invest. Clin., 50(6), p.487-504, November-December, 1998 
Article, No:445. 

Garfield, E. "On the Shoulders of Giants" presented at The Conference on the History and Heritage of Science Information Systems, Pittsburgh, October 24, 1998 
Presentation, No:449 

Garfield, E. "Random Thoughts on Citationology: Its Theory and Practice (Comments on Theories of Citation? L. Leydesdorff, Scientometrics, 43(1), 1998)" 
Scientometrics, 43(1), p.69, September 1998 
Article, No:1340.pdf file

Garfield, E. "The Impact Factor and using it correctly" 
Der Unfallchirurg, 101(6), p.413, June 1998 English Translation
Article, No:1330. pdf file available

Garfield, E. "From Citation Indexes to Informetrics: Is the tail wagging the dog?" 
Libri,48(2), p.67-80, June 1998 
Presentation - Center for Informetric Studies, Royal School of Librarianship, Copenhagen, 
December 15, 1997. 
Article, No:433. pdf file available

Garfield, E. "On the origins of Current Contents and ISI,
12th Annual Meeting of the Association of Independent Information Professionals, St. Louis, Missouri. April 5, 1998. 
Presentation (Unpublished). No:440 

Garfield, E. "The use of Journal Impact Factors and Citation Analysis for evaluation of science, (Oslo)
Presentation (Unpublished) - at "Cell Separation, Hematology and Journal Citation Analysis" Mini Symposium in tribute to Arne Bøyum, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, April 17, 1998 

Garfield, E. The use of Journal Impact Factors and Citation Analysis for evaluation of science, (Utah)
Presentation at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Council of Biology Editors, Salt Lake City, UT. May 4, 1998 
Presentation (Unpublished) - No:1310A 

Garfield, E. "The multiple meanings of Impact Factors ," Journal of the American Society For Information Science (JASIS), 49(8), p.768, 1998. 
Letter, No:439. 

Garfield, E. " Mapping the world of science ," p.1-19, 1998. 
Presentation - Topical paper presented at the 150th Anniversary Meeting of the AAAS, Philadelphia, PA. February 14,1998 
Presentation (Unpublished) No: 438. 

Garfield, E. and Melino, G. " The growth of the cell death field: an analysis from the ISI-Science Citation Index .. Erratum ," Cell Death and Differentiation, 5 (1) p.127, 1998. 
Erratum. See paper by the same name. No:435B 


Kim, Chungji "Indepth Interview: An Interview with Dr. Eugene Garfield, Ph.D.Medical Writing, 8(1), 1999. 

Garfield, E. "A Citation Analyst's Perspective on Japanese Science
Presentation at the ISI Symposiums in Osaka and Tokyo, November 1999. 
Unpublished. Presentation. 

Garfield, E. "Refining the Computation of Topic Based Impact Factors : Some Suggestions" Occupational Medicine (Oxford) 49:(8) 571, November 1999. 
Letter. No:455 

Garfield, E. " From Laboratory to Information Explosions... The evolution of Chemical Information Services at ISI
Presentation at the ASIS meeting on "Historical Perspectives on Knowledge Dissemination," Washington D.C., November 1, 1999 
Unpublished. Presentation. 
No: 451 

Hargittai, Istvan "Deeds and Dreams of Eugene Garfield" (Interview) The Chemical Intelligencer, p.26-31, October 1999. 
No: 452 

Garfield, E. "From the World Brain to the Informatorium... with a little help from Manfred Kochen
Presented at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Symposium in honor of Manfred Kochen, September 21, 1999. 

Garfield, E. "From the World Brain to the Informatorium," Information Services& Use (19):99-105, 1999, IOS Press,  Special issue published for the Cranfield Conference in honor of Jack Meadows, June 1999, U.K. 
Article, No:459 

Garfield, E. "Journal impact factor: a brief review" Canadian Medical Association Journal, 161(8), p.979-80, 1999. 
Article, No:450. 

Caraway, Beatrice " Interview with Dr. Eugene Garfield", Serial Conversations, 25(3):67-80, 1999. 
Interview, No:446. 

Garfield, E. "Observations on Consilience in Abstracting and Indexing" Comments at NFAIS Moderator Panel,  February 22, 1999, Philadelphia. 
Presentation, Unpublished. No:460 

Garfield, E. "The Birth of the Sun" by Emeteria Rios Martinez, 1999. 


Garfield, E. "Use of Journal Citation Reports and Journal Performance Indicators in measuring short and long term journal impactCroatian Medical Journal,  41: (4) 368-374 December  2000. 
Adapted from the presentation at Council of Scientific Editors' Annual Meeting, May 9, 2000

Hane, Paula J. "Eugene Garfield celebrates a Birthday and a Career : ISI Founder discusses the state of information science, scientific publishing, and more" Information Today 17(10) November 2000. 

Garfield, E. "State of the Society" - Talk presented at the American Society for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T) Annual Meeting November 14, 2000, Chicago. 

Garfield, E.  ?The President?s Page,? Bulletin of The American Society for Information Science
Volume 26, Number 7 (October/November 2000).

Garfield,  E. "How Laboratory Explosions led me to document the Information Explosion" Chemical Heritage, 18(3):43-45, Fall 2000. 

Garfield, E. "In which journals will pediatricians find the best evidence for clinical practice?" Pediatrics, 106(2):377, August 2000. 

Garfield, E.  ?The President?s Page,? Bulletin of The American Society for Information Science
Volume 26, Number 6 (August/September 2000). 

Garfield, E.  ?The President?s Page,? Bulletin of The American Society for Information Science
Volume 26, Number 5 (June/July 2000).

Garfield, E."The use of JCR and JPI in Measuring Short and Long Term Journal Impact" Presentation at the Council of Scientific Editors Annual Meeting, May 9, 2000. 
Modified version published in Croation Medical Journal 41(4):368-374, December 2000

Garfield, E.  ?The President?s Page,? Bulletin of The American Society for Information Science
Volume 26, Number 4 (April/May 2000).

Garfield, E.  "Impact of abstracts and short reports," Canadian Medical Association Journal, 162(4), p.489-490, February 22, 2000. 

Garfield E.  ?From 1950s Documentalists to 20th Century Information Scientists--and Beyond-- ASIS Enters the Year 2000 Facing Remarkable Advances and Challenges in Harnessing the Information Technology Revolution,?  Bulletin of The American Society for Information Science, Volume 26, Number 2 (December/January 2000). 


Garfield, E. "From bibliographic coupling to co-citation analysis via algorithmic historio-bibliography
A citationist's tribute to Belver C. Griffith, presented at Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. 
November 27,  2001. 

Garfield, E. "Reminiscences of Vassily V. Nalimov" Scientometrics, 52(2):165-166, October 2001. 

Garfield, E. "From computational linguistics to algorithmic historiography" Lazerow Lecture held in conjunction with panel on "Knowledge and Language: Building large-scale knowledge bases for intelligent applications" presented  at the University of Pittsburgh on September 19, 2001. 

Garfield, E. "Recollections of Irving H. Sher 1924-1996: Polymath / Information Scientist Extraordinaire" Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 52(14):1197-1202, 2001. 

Cawkell, AE and Garfield, E. "Institute for Scientific Information"  Chapter 15 of  A Century of Science Publishing,  p.149-160, Ed. E.H. Fredriksson, IOS Press, 2001. 

Garfield, E. "Interview with the journal Cortex on the use and misuse of  impact factors" Cortex 37(4):575-577, September 2001. 

Garfield, E. "Taxonomy is small, but it has its citation classics" Nature 413, p.107, September 13, 2001. 

Garfield, E. "From Sputnik to the World Wide Web -  A retrospective view of Citation Indexing". (Presentation at the ACRL Science & Technology Program Titled Quantum Leaps by Decade: Future Caching the Past - Forty years of creating new communities for science librarianship through collaboration, ALA Annual Meeting, June 18, 2001. 
Article - Unpublished. 

Garfield, E. "Impact factors,  and why they won't go awayNature 411,  p. 522, May 31, 2001. 

Garfield, E. "From Laboratory to Information Explosions..The evolution of Chemical Information Services at ISI" Journal of Information Science, 27(2) p.119-125, April 2001. 
Presentation at the ASIS meeting on "Historical Perspectives on Knowledge Dissemination," Washington D.C., November 1, 1999 
Article. Presentation 
No: 451 

Garfield, E. "Opening remarks on the occasion of Manfred Bonitz's 70th anniversary"  Presented at the Patterns in Scientific Communication ? The Matthew Effect in Science and beyond Colloquium in Honour of the 70th Birthday of Dr. Manfred Bonitz,  Berlin,  March 16, 2001. 

Garfield, E. "A retrospective and prospective view of information retrieval and artificial intelligence in the 21st Century"   Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,  52(1), p.18-21,  2001. pdf file


Garfield E. "Bioinformatics". Presentation at ASIST 2002: Information, Connections and Community,   65th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science  & Technology (ASIS&T). Session on "Bioinformatics in Information Science Education" Philadelphia, PA. November 18-21,  2002. 

Garfield E, Pudovkin AI, Istomin  VS. "Algorithmic Citation-Linked Historiography -- Mapping the Literature of Science
Presentation at : ASIST 2002: Information, Connections and Community,   65th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science  & Technology (ASIS&T). Philadelphia, PA. November 18-21,  2002. 
Published : Abridged version in Proceedings of the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (ASIS&T), Vol: 39, p.14-24, November 2002. 

Garfield E. "The ISI-VINITI Connection -- Remarks on the 50th Anniversary of VINITI
Presented in Moscow at the 6th International Conference of Information Society, Intelligent Information Processing and Information Technologies.   October 16-18, 2002.  Published in the Proceedings of the Conference, p.409-411, 2002. 

Pudovkin AI, Garfield E "Algorithmic procedure for finding semantically related journals
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) 53(13):1113-1119, November 2002. 

Abt H, Garfield E.  "Is the Relationship between Numbers of References and Paper Lengths the Same for  All Sciences?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) 53(13):1106-1112, November 2002. 

Garfield E. "Reflections of a Scientometrician / Communicator -- From  Current Contents to Citationology and Algorithmic Historiography" Presentation at China Medical Board Symposium in Beijing, September 23-24, 2002. 

Grimwade A, Garfield E. "The Scientist on the Web" The Scientist, Vol:16, #16, p.10, August 19, 2002. 

Garfield E. "The Origins of the Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award".  Inaugural Presentation.  Award presented to  Dr. David Meltzer. Philadelphia, July 10, 2002 
Unpublished. No:497 

Garfield E,  Pudovkin AI, Istomin VS, "Algorithmic citation-linked Historiography - mapping the literature of science" June 13, 2002.
To be published in the Proceedings of ASIS&T

Stock W.G. "Citation Consciousness" an Interview with Eugene Garfield, Chairman Emeritus of ISI, Philadelphia, U.S.A..
Password, p.22-25, June 2002.

Garfield E, " Fast-Breaking Hot Papers" The Scientist, Vol:16, #8, April 15, 2002 

Garfield E, "Highly Cited Authors" The Scientist,  Vol:16, #7, April 1, 2002. 

Garfield E. "The impact factor of Wiener klinische Wochenschrift" Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 114 (5-6): 236-236 March 28 2002 

Garfield E. "The Impact Factor of Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift" Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 114/19-20:881, 2002. 
(further response to letter in WKW 114/5-6:236, March 2002. 

Garfield E, "Introduction to a lecture by E.O. Wilson at the Free Library of Philadelphia" February 7, 2002. 

Garfield E, "Demand Citation Vigilance" The Scientist,  16(2):6, January 21, 2002. 


Garfield E, Pudovkin AI, Istomin VI,  "Mapping the Output of Topical Searches in the Web of Knowledge and the case of Watson-Crick" Information Technology and Libraries; 22 (4): 183-187 December  2003. 

Garfield E and Pudovkin AI "From Materials Science to Nano-Ceramics -- Citation Analysis Identifies the Key Journals and Players" Journal of Ceramic Processing Research,  4(4): 155-167  2003. 
 Paper presented at the 2003 International Nano Ceramic/Crystal Forum and International Symposium on Intermaterials, 
(pdf file) 

Garfield E. "The Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award for 2003 is presented to Dr. David Cutler".  Inaugural Presentation.  Award presented to  Dr. David Cutler. Washington DC, October 28, 2003 

Garfield E, "Using HistCite to Map the Output of  Small World, Watson-Crick 1953, Cell Death and Differentiation, P. Nicotera, and 
 Gene Flow" Presented at MRC Toxicology Unit Seminar at the University of Leicester, U.K.on July 11, 2003.. 

Garfield E, Pudovkin AI, Istomin VS. "Mapping output of topical searches in the Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index,
 Arts and Humanities Citation Index" Presented at the SLA meeting in New York, NY, June 10, 2003. 

Garfield E,. "Historiographic Mapping of Knowledge Domains Literature" Keynote Address, Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium on "Mapping 
 Knowledge Domains" Beckman Center of the National Academy of Sciences, Irvine, CA, May 9-11, 2003. 

Garfield E,  "The meaning of the Impact Factor" Interview published in International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology  (Revista Internacional de Psicologia Clinica y de la Salud) 3(2): 363-369, 2003. 

Garfield E, Pudovkin AI, Istomin VS. "Why do we need Algorithmic Historiography?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) 54(5):400-412, March 2003. 
 Garfield E, "Introducing Daniel C. Dennett" at the Free Library of Philadelphia on March 6, 2003. 


Garfield E. "Chemical Information Entrepreneurship - A Personal Odyssey"  Joseph Priestley Society Symposium ?Knowledge: Our Competitive Weapon? presented at The Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, PA. 
December 9, 2004. 
No: 510 

Pudovkin AI and Garfield E.  "Rank-normalized  Impact Factor: A way to compare journal performance across subject categories"  Presented at the American Society for Information Science and Technology Annual Meeting, Providence, RI.  November 17, 2004 . 
Published in Proceedings of the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, vol:41, p.507-515, 2004. Published version.

Garfield E. and Pudovkin AI. " The HistCite System for mapping and bibliometric analaysis of the output of searches using theISI Web of Knowledge"  Presented at the Annual Meeting of  ASIS&T,  Newport, Rhode Island, November 15, 2004.   Abstract and Poster Session 
Presentation. Unpublished.
Garfield E, and Pudovkin AI. "A Citationist  Perspective on the work of Francisco J. Ayala - Historiographic Citation Analysis of Ayala's Research". Presented at the Francisco J. Ayala 70th anniversary celebration. National Academy of Sciences - Beckman Center, Irvine, CA. October 16, 2004. 
Presentation. Unpublished. 

Garfield E.  "A prospective view of Citation Indexing and Information Retrieval in the 21st Century"  Distinguished Lectureship, New Jersey Chapter,  American Society of Information and Technology, The Rutgers Club, October 28, 2004. 

Garfield E. "The Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award for 2004 is presented to Dr. Sherry Glied" Inaugural Presentation.  Award presented to  Dr. Sherry Glied. Washington D.C., October 19, 2004 
Unpublished. No:500 

Moed H., Garfield E. "In basic science the percentage of ?authoritative? references decreases as bibliographies become shorterScientometrics Vol. 60, No. 3 (2004) 295-303. 

Garfield E. "Systematic Serendipity: Finding the Undiscovered Answers to Science Questions" Presented at The Medical Ignorance Collaboratory,  University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, July 2004. 

Garfield E. "The Unintended and Unanticipated Consequences of  Robert K. MertonSocial Studies of Science, 34: 845-853, 2004. pdf file

Glanzel W. and Garfield E. "The Myth of Delayed Recognition -Citation analysis demonstrates that premature discovery, while rare, does occur: Nearly all significant research is normally cited soon after publication" The Scientist 18(11): 8-8  June 7 2004. 
Original article inThe Scientist.

Garfield E. "Remarks on the occasion of receiving the Doctor of Science, honoris causa at Drexel University". June 12 2004 

Garfield E. "Historiographic mapping of knowledge domains literature" Journal of Information Science 30(2):119-145, 2004. 

Garfield E. "The intended consequences of Robert K. Merton" Scientometrics 60(1): 51-61, 2004. 
Published (pdf) 

Garfield E. Istomin VS. and Pudovkin AI. "Process for creating and displaying a publication Historiograph" Patent No:US6,728,725B2, April 27 2004. 
Patent . No:635 

Garfield, E. "Web of science: Measuring and assessing science beyond SCI - Response" Current Science
86 (5): 629-629   March 10 2004. 
Published (Letter) No:620 


Garfield, E. "A Prospective View of Citation Indexing and Information Retrieval In the 21st Century" Presented  on the occasion of being presented the ASIS&T Los Angeles Chapter?s Contributions to Information Science & Technology Award, 2004, Los Angeles, CA.  January 27, 2005 

"Garfield E. ?The origins of my interest in the economic impact of R&D?" presented at the European Science Foundation Workshop, Strasbourg, France, May 26 2005. 
Presentation. Unpublished. 

Garfield E. " ?Identifying core literature through Citation Analysis and visualization? " presented at the American Library Association (ALA) Meeting, Chicago, Committee on Research and Statistics, June 25 2005. 
Presentation. Unpublished. 

Garfield, E. "The Agony and the Ecstasy - The History and the Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor"
Presented at the International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication, Chicago, U.S.A. September 16, 2005. 
Presentation. Unpublished. 
Garfield, E. "The History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor" abridged  version of the above paper published in 
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), (293): 90-93, January 2006. 

Hane, Paula J. "Eugene Garfield Turns 80" Interview published in Information Today, 22(9): 24, October 2005. 

 Hopkins K.  "Most Highly Cited - At 80, ISI and The Scientist founder Eugene Garfield isn't quite finished improving information
 analysis" The Scientist  19(20):22 October 24, 2005. 

Perkel  JM  "The Future of Citation Analysis - The challenge is to track a work's impact when published in nontraditional
forms" The Scientist 19(20): 24-25, October 24, 2005. 

Garfield E. "On the Further Evolution of the Research!America Award for Economic Impact on Medical and Health Research" Presentation at  The Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award Ceremony  for 2005 - presented to  Dr. Kevin Murphy and Dr. Robert H. Topel. Washington D.C.,   October 25, 2005 


Garfield, E. "The History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor" Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), (293): 90-93, January 2006. (Abridged version.  For full text paper go to

Garfield E, McVeigh M, and Muff M. "Retractions are linked by the Web of Science to original reports"  Annals of Internal Medicine, March 2006.  Also availoable at :

Garfield E. "Identifying Nobel Class Scientists and the Uncertainties thereof? presented at the European Conference on Scientific Publication In Medicne and Biomedicine, Lund, Sweden, April 21, 2006. 

Garfield E. Interview : "Scientist, Inventor, Visionary: Chatting with Dr. Eugene Garfield" KnowledgeLink Newsletter, April 2006.

Garfield E. "Post-Publication Evaluation: Is There Life after the Impact Factor?" Remarks presented during a session at the Society for Scholarly Publishing, Crystal City, VA.  June 8, 2006. 

Baykoucheva S. "Interview with Eugene GarfieldChemical Information Bulletin 58(2): 7-9 July 2006. 

Garfield E. "Commentary : Fifty years of Citation Indexing" International Journal of Epidemiology September 2006. Doi: 10.1093/ije/dyl190. 

Garfield E. "Why it is Important to Recognize Research on the Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research
Presentation at  the 2006 Ceremony of The Eugene Garfield Economic Impact of Medical and Health Research Award Sponsored by Research! America,  Washington D.C.,   October 10, 2006.  Award Recipient : Dr. Amy Finklestein of MIT, Cambridge, Ma. 

Garfield E. "Citation indexes for science. A new dimension in documentation through association of ideas
International Journal of Epidemiology 35 (5): 1123-1127 October 2006.  (Reprinted from Science, vol 122, pg 108-11, 1955) 

Garfield E. "Commentary : Fifty years of citation indexing" International Journal of Epidemiology 35(5):1127-1128 October 2006. 

Garfield E, Paris S, Stock WG. "HistCiteTM: A software tool for informetric analysis of citation linkage
Information Wissenschaft & Praxis, 57(8):391-400, November / December 2006.


Brynko B.  "An Interview with Eugene Garfield - A Lifetime of Achievement and Still Going Strong" Information Today 24(1), p.21, January 2007

Garfield E. "The Evolution of the Science Citation Index Search Engine to the Web of Science, Scientometric Evaluation and Historiography" Presented at the University of Barcelona, January 24, 2007.
Garfield E. "The evolution of the Science Citation Index" Perspectives: International Microbiology 10: 65-69, 2007
DOI: 10.2436/20.1501.01.10 ISSN: 1139-6709

Garfield E. "Charting the growth of science" Presented at the Chemical Heritage Foundation on being awarded the Richard J. Bolte, Sr. Award for Supporting Industries, Philadelphia, May 17 2007. 

Garfield E. "Panel on 'Evaluative Measures for Resource Quality: Beyond the Impact Factor'". Presented at the Medical Library Association Meeting, Philadelphia, May 22, 2007. 

Garfield E. "From the Science of Science to Scientometrics : Visualizing the History of Science with HistCite software" Presented at the 11th ISSI International Conference, Madrid, Spain - June 25, 2007. 
"From the Science of Science to Scientometrics. Visualizing the History of Science with HistCite software" Proceedings of ISSI 2007 : Volume 1, p.21-26, June 25-27 2007.  11th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, CSIC, Madrid Spain. June 25-27, 2007. 
Published Version.

Garfield E, "Whither Journals and Impact Factors?" Foreword - Impact Factor of Scientific and Scholarly Journals. Its Use and Misuse in Research Evaluation.  Scientometrics Guidebooks Series - Volume 2, p.v-vi.  T. Braun Editor, pp.699, Publisher:Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, August 2007

Garfield E. "Tracing the influence of J.D. Bernal on the World of Science through Citation Analysis" Presented at the British Association for Crystal Growth / Irish Association for Crystal Growth Conference & Bernal Symposium on Protein Crystallization, University College Dublin, Belfield,  Ireland. September 3-4, 2007. 

Garfield E. "On the Shoulders of Giants - Tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy" presented at  60th Anniversary Celebration of Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Oak Ridge, TN.  September 18, 2007. 
Presentation. Unpublished. 

Garfield E. "Remarks at Sharon Murphy's Memorial Service" at ISI / Thomson Scientific, Philadelphia, PA. November 19, 2007. 

Garfield E. "Dr. Albert J. Stunkard wins the John Scott Award" Introduction - The John Scott Award Ceremony at the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA. November 16, 2007. 
Presentation. Unpublished 


Ford, B. Meyers "Society for Scholarly Publishing News interviews Eugene Garfield" January 17, 2008.

Garfield E. "Saying Goodbye is so hard to do - Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008) was one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century, and my good friend"  The Scientist, 22(4):31-32, April 2008. NEW

Garfield E. "How I learned to love the Brits" Journal of Information Science 34(4) :623-626, 2008.
JIS site :

Garfield E. "Celebrating the legacy of  de Solla Price" Research Trends, September 2008.

Garfield E. "Rejection of 'The Synoptic History of the Science Citation Index' by Science" Journal of Scientific Exploration 22(4):559-560, Winter 2008.


Garfield E. "Five decades of Citation Indexing" Keynote Address - International Workshop for Scientometrics (ISTIC), Beijing, China. September 2009.

Garfield E. "From information retrieval to scientometrics—is the dog still wagging its tail?" Keynote Address – Plenary Session 1 Fifth International Conference on WIS & Tenth COLLNET Meeting, Dalian, China, September 13-16, 2009.

Pudovkin AI, Garfield E. "Percentile Rank and Author Superiority Indexes for Evaluating Individual
Journal Articles and the Author’s Overall Citation Performance" Presented at the Fifth International Conference on Webometrics, Informetrics & Scientometrics (WIS) / Tenth COLLNET Meeting, Dalian, China - September 13-16, 2009.
Published in Collnet Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management, Vol.3(2): p.3-10, December 2009.

Garfield E. "A Tribute to Arnold Thackray - Chemical Historian and Catalyzer Extraordinaire" Presented at the American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington DC, August 17, 2009.
Presentation : Unpublished


Pudovkin A.I., Garfield E. "Algorithmic generation of specialty profiles for medical journals"
Sixth International Conference on Webometrics, Informetrics and Scientometrics & Eleventh COLLNET Meeting, October 19 - 22, 2010, University of Mysore.

Saracevic T & Garfield E. "On measuring the publication productivity and citation impact of a scholar: A case study" The Janus Faced Scholar: Festschrift in Honor of Peter Ingwersen. vol. 06-S June 2010 (special vol. of e-zine of  the International Society of Scientometrics & Informetrics) Publisher:  Det Informationsvidenskabelige Akademi (Royal School of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen) Under the auspices of ISSI. 2010

Scharnhorst A, Garfield E. "Tracing Scientific Influence" Dynamics of Socio-Economic Systems, Vol:2:1, p.1-33, 2010

Garfield E, Pudovkin AI, Paris S. "A bibliometric and historiographic analysis of the work of Tony van Raan: a tribute to a scientometrics pioneer and gatekeeper" Research Evaluation 19(3), September 2010.


Garfield E, "Full Text downloads and citations : Some reflections" Keynote Lecture at the seminar on Scientific Measurement and Mapping, Santa Fe, NM.  May 10, 2011.


Pudovkin A.I., Garfield E.  "The Impact of  Lynn Margulis as seen through a Citationist Perspective"
Presented at the
International Symposium: Evolution by cooperation. The work of Lynn Margulis (1938-2011), Madrid, Spain, November 12-13, 2012.

Pudovkin AI, Kretschmer H., Stegman J., Garfield E. "Research Evaluation: Productivity and citedness of a German medical research institution" Presented at the 7th International Conference of Webometrics, Informetrics and Scientometrics & 12th COLLNET Meeting. Septenmber 20-23, 2011, Istanbul, Turkey.
Published in Scientometrics, 2012,  DOI 10.1007/s11192-012-0659-z