Essays on Winners of the Nobel Prize:


'Of  Nobel Class': Part 1. An Overview of ISI Studies on Highly Cited Authors and Nobel Laureates.
Essays/Vol:15, #33, p.116, August 17, 1992.

Eugene Garfield and Alfred Welljams-Dorof. "Of Nobel Class: A Citation Perspective on High Impact Research Authors" Theor. Med. 13(2): 117-35, June 1992.
Essays/Vol:15, p.118, 1992.

Eugene Garfield and Alfred Welljams-Dorof. "Of Nobel Class: A Citation Perspective on High Impact Research Authors (Part 2)" Theor. Med. 13(2): 117-35, June 1992.
Essays/Vol:15, p.128, 1992.

Theoretical Medicine's Special Issue on the Nobel Prizes and Their Effect on Science.
Essays/Vol:15, #37, p.137, September 14, 1992.

B.I.B. Lindahl, "Discovery, Theory Change, and the Nobel Prize: On the Mechanisms of Scientific Evolution. An Introduction." Theor. Med (whole issue) 13(2): 97-231, 1992.
Essays/Vol:15, p.140, 1992-93

The 1991 Nobel Prize Winners--from Patch Clamps (Neher and Sakmann) to Spaghetti
Theory (de Gennes), Social Costs (Coase), and NMR (Ernst)--Were All Citation Superstars.
Essays/Vol:15, #5, p.12, February 3, 1992.


The 1990 Nobel Prize Winners: A Citationist Retrospective.
Essays/Vol:14, #11, p.41, March 18, 1991.

What Tonegawa's Nobel Doesn't Mean.
The Scientist, Vol:1(25),November 16, 1987.
Essays/Vol:14, p.273, 1991


Who Will Win the Nobel Prize in Economics? Here's a Forecast Based
on Citation Indicators.
Essays/Vol:13, #11, p.83, March 12, 1990.

The 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Is Awarded to J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus for Their Contribution to Cancer Research.
Essays/Vol:13, #16, p.125, April 16, 1990.

The 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Goes to Sidney Altman and Thomas R.
Cech for the Discovery of Enzymatic RNA.
Essays/Vol:13, #29, p.266, July 16, 1990.

Of Atomic Clocks, Ion Traps, and Quantum Leaps: The 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics Is Awarded to
Norman F. Ramsey, Wolfgang Paul, and Hans G. Dehmelt.
Essays/Vol:13, #35, p.316, August 27, 1990.


The 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Goes to Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber, and Hartmut Michel for Elucidating Photosynthetic Processes.
Essays/Vol:12, #22, p.148, May 29, 1989.

The 1988 Nobel Prize in Medicine:Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion and George H. Hitchings
Ennoble Pharmaceutical Research.
Essays/Vol:12, #30, p.201, July 24, 1989.

The 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics: Melvin Schwartz, Leon Lederman, Jack Steinberger, and
the Story of Two Neutrinos.
Essays/Vol:12, #32, p.216, August 7, 1989.

The 1988 Nobel Prize in Economics Honors Maurice Allais of France; Literature Prize
goes to Egyptian Novelist Naguib Mahfouz.
Essays/Vol:12, #40, p.274, October 2, 1989.


Citation Analysis Highlights the Key Role in Antibody Diversity Research Played by Susumu Tonegawa, the 1987 Nobel Laureate in Medicine.
Essays/Vol:11, #14, p.103, April 4, 1988.

Work on Molecules That Mimic Biological Processes Leads to 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for
Jean-Marie Lehn, Charles J. Pedersen, and Donald J. Cram.
Essays/Vol:11, #15, p.111, April 11, 1988.

Theory of Technology's Role in Economic Growth Brings MIT's Robert M. Solow the 1987 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences.
Essays/Vol:11, #17, p.123, April 25, 1988.

The 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics:Citations to K.A. Muller and J. G. Bednorz's Seminal Work Mirror
Developments in Superconductivity.
Essays/Vol:11, #18, p.129, May 2, 1988.


Fifty Classics from the Journal of Clinical Investiganon: Over 60 Years of Nobel-Class Research.
Essays/Vol:10, #8, p.50, February 23, 1987.

Stanley Cohen's and Rita Levi-Montalcini's Discoveries of Growth Factors Lead to 1986 Nobel in Medicine.
Essays/Vol:10, #17, p.106, April 27, 1987.

Investigations of Chemical Reactions Lead to 1986 Nobel in Chemistry for John C. Polanyi, Dudley R. Herschbach, and Yuan T. Lee; In Physics, Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binning, and Heinrich Rohrer Share Prize for Advances in Microscopy.
Essays/Vol:10, #23, p.143, June8, 1987.

Public-Choice Theory Brings James M. Buchanan the 1986 Nobel Prize in Economics; Nigerian Poet and Playwright Wole Soyiria Awarded the Literature Prize.
Essays/Vol:10, #24, p.152, June 15, 1987.


Do Nobel Prize Winners Write Citation Classics?
Essays/Vol:9, #23, p.182, June 9, 1986.

The 1985 Nobel Prize in Medicine -- S. Brown and Joseph L. Goldstein Have Revolutionized Our Knowledge About Cholesterol Metabolism and Heart Disease.
Essays/Vol:9, #38, p.282, September 22, 1986.

Franco Modigliani of MIT Wins the 1985 Nobel Prize in Economics; Novelist Claude
Simon of France Receives the Prize for Literature.
Essays/Vol:9, #41, p.307, October 3, 1986.

The 1985 Nobel Chemistry Prize to Jerome Karle and Herbert A. Hauptman and the
Physics Prize to Klaus von Klitzing Contrast Delayed Versus "Instant" Recognition.
Essays/Vol:9, #44, p.336, November 3, 1986.

Garfield, E. "The relationship between international science indicators, Nobel class science, and science mapping in the formation of science policy ," p.1-22, 1986.
Statement (Unpublished), No:343.


The 1983 Nobel Prize. Part 2. Myth or Reality: Premature Discovery Is Not the Same as Being Ignored! Barbara McClintock and the Prize in Medicine.
Essays/Vol:8, #7, p.60, February 18, 1985.

The 1983 Nobel Prizes. Part 3. Economics and Literature Awards Go to Gerard Debreu and William Golding.
Essays/Vol:8, #8, p.68, February 25, 1985.

The 1984 Nobel Prize in Medicine Is Awarded to Niels K. Jerne, Cesar Milstein, and Georges J.F. Kohler for their Contributions to Immunology.
Essays/Vol:8, #45, p.416, November 11, 1985.

The 1984 Nobel Prize in Physics Goes to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer; Bruce Merrifield Is Awarded the Chemistry Prize.
Essays/Vol:8, #46, p.432, November 18, 1985.

The 1984 Nobel Prizes in Economics and Literature are Awarded to Sir Richard Stone for Pioneering Systems of National Accounting and to Jaroslav Seifert, the National Poet of Czechoslovakia.
Essays/Vol:8, #49, p.469, December 9, 1985.


The 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Goes to Structural Biologist Aaron Klug.
Essays/Vol:7, #3, p.12, January 16, 1984.

The 1982 Nobel Prize in Medicine Recognizes the Impact of the
Prostaglandin Research by S.K. Bergstrom, B.I. Samuelsson, and J.R. Vane.
Essays/Vol:7, #12, p.77, March 19, 1984.

The 1982 Nobel Prize for Economic Science Goes to George J. Stigler
for His Work on Industrial Structure, Markets, the Effects of Regulation, and the Economics of Information.
Essays/Vol:7, #15, p.108, April 9, 1984.

Garcia Marquez Receives 1982 Nobel Prize Literature.
Essays/Vol:7, #16, p.113, April 16, 1984.

The 1983 Nobel Prizes. Part 1. Physics and Chemistry Awards Go to Chandrasekhar, Fowler & Taube.
Essays/Vol:7, #51, p.420, December 17, 1984.


The 1982 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Essays/Vol:6, #50, p.413, December 12, 1983.


The 1,000 Most-Cited Contemporary Authors. Part 2A. Details on Authors the Physical and Chemical Sciences and Some Comments about Nobels and Academy Memberships.
Essays/Vol:5, #9, p.428, March 2, 1982.

Were the 1981 Nobel Prizewinners in Science, Economics, and Literature Anticipated by Citation Analysis?
    Physics - Kai Siegbahn, Nicolaas Bloembergen, Author Schawlow
    Chemistry - Kenichi Fukui, Roald Hoffmann
    Physiology or Medicine - Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Torsten N. Wiesel
    Economics - James Tobin
    Literature - Elias Canetti
Essays/Vol:5, #23, p.551, June 7, 1982.

To Remember Sir Hans Krebs: Nobelist, Friend, and Adviser.
Essays/Vol:5, #31, p.627, August 2, 1982.


The 1980 Nobel Prizewinners.
Essays/Vol:5, #31, p.189, August 3, 1981.


The 100 Most-Cited Authors of 20th Century Literature. Can Citation Data Forecast the Nobel Prize in Literature?
Essays/Vol:4, #4, p.363, January 28, 1980.

Are the 1979 Prizewinners of Nobel Class?
Essays/Vol:4, #38, p.609, September 22, 1980


The 250 most-cited primary authors, 1961-1975. Part II. The correlation between citedness, Nobel prizes, and academy memberships.
Essays/Vol:3, #50, p.337, December 12, 1977